Rapid Industrialization Induced Poor Hometeaching and Increased Juvenile Delinquents in South Korea

한국에서 급격한 산업화에 따른 가정교육 부실과 청소년범죄 증가 현상

  • Yun, Duk-Jin (Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine)
  • 윤덕진 (연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실)
  • Received : 2003.08.14
  • Accepted : 2003.08.22
  • Published : 2003.10.15

Abstract

Purpose : Recently the number of juvenile delinquents have been increasing in Korea and their misdeeds were getting worse. This study was conducted to find out the basic cause of juvenile delinquency and a counterplan of overcoming this distress. Methods : The authors reviewed the statistics of the Supreme Public Prosecutors Office to know the juvenile delinquents and Korean national statistics to know the changes of family environments. The author conducted a study on the family environments between student group and juvenile delinquent group in jail, and also investigated the value judgement of middle and high school students to know the difference between the recent adolescents and the youth before 1945. Results : Nuclear families, dual-income families and divorce rates have remarkably been increased recently. All of which are considered to be the basic cause of getting worse in home teaching. It was found that the delinquent group have more defective families, poorer economic status, poorer parent's educational level than the student group, and also found that the value judgement of recent youth were quite different from that of youth before 1945. Conclusion : Industrialization have changed our home-environment rapidly which made home-teaching poorer, and the children were being insecure and melancholy, which consequently made them more abnormal youth and juvenile delinquents in Korea.