Prospective Study of Helicobacter pylori Reinfection Rate and Its Related Factors

전향적 연구에 의한 Helicobacter pylori 재감염률 및 관련요인

  • Kang, Pock-Soo (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Kyeong-Soo (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Yoon (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health College of Medicine, Yeungnam University)
  • Published : 2003.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the reinfection rate of Helicobacter pylori and the factors related to reinfection of H. pylori, 86 persons were examined in April 2000 after 1 year follow-up period and 77 persons were examined in October 2001 after two and a half-year follow-up period in Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea. Methods: The subjects were confirmed as H. pylori negative by urea breath test(UBT), and asked to answer the questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics, dyspepsia symptoms, health-related behaviors and family history. Results: The reinfection rate on the first year of the eradication of H. pylori was 15.6%, when the 77 subjects have finished follow-up observation for one year. In the urea breath test performed after two and a half year, 13 out of 77 were positive, with the reinfection rate of 16.9%. Age, sex, socio-economical status, educational level and family history were not associated with the reinfection, while there was significant association between the reinfection and postprandial fullness and epigastric bloating in subjective dyspepsia that the subjects who were determined to be negative in the urea breath test for the following year. The treatment compliance and drinking were significant variables in univariate analysis. Meanwhile, the cases in which the dyspepsia symptom scores for the recent year were 2 to 3 points served as the only statistically significant variable in multiple logistic regression analysis, with the odds ratio of 4.5. The cases in which salt intake during meals was exceeded were 8.7 in the odds ratio, but statistically insignificant. Conclusions: Conclusively, the first-year reinfection rate was 15.6%, and the second-year reinfection rate was 16.9%. Thecomplaints of subjective dyspeptic symptoms and the treatment compliance, as the basis for predicting the H. pylori reinfection in communities, can be used as the basis to screen the subjects for follow-up examination to find out H. pylori infection.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : (재)한곡의학장학회