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Diagnosis of the ORF Virus Using a Mixture of Sieving Gel Matrixes in Microchip Gel Electrophoresis

마이크로칩젤 전기영동에서 충진젤 혼합물을 이용한 ORF 바이러스의 진단

  • Published : 2004.10.20

Abstract

We have developed a novel polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-microchip gel electrophoresis (MGE) method based on the sieving gel mixture of commercially available poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and hydroxy ethyl cellulose (HEC) for the rapid detection and diagnosis of the orf virus (ORFV) from Korean indigenous goat. After amplification of 594-bp DNA fragment from the B2L gene of ORF virus, the amplicon was analyzed by the MGE separation. The glass microfluidic chip (64 mm total length (36 mm effective length)${\times}$90 ${\mu}$m width${\times}$20 ${\mu}$m depth) allowed the fast detection and diagnosis of ORFV in the mixture of 1.0% PVP ($M_r$ 360,000) and 1.0% HEC ($M_r$250,000) as a sieving matrix with better resolution and reproducibility of DNA fragments. Under the electric field of 277.8 V/cm, the 594-bp DNA was analyzed within 4 min. Compared to traditional slab gel electrophoresis, the PCR-MGE method was twenty times faster and an effective clinical method for the quantitative analysis of ORFV.

Keywords

Orf virus;DNA Sieving Matrix;Diagnosis;Microchip Gel Electrophoresis

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