Major Components of Teas Manufactured with Leaf and Flower of Korean Native Camellia japonica L.

국내 자생 동백나무의 잎과 꽃으로 만든 엽차와 화차의 주요성분

  • Cha, Young-Ju (Biology Research Center for Industrial Accelerators, Dongshin Univ.) ;
  • Lee, Jang-Won (Biology Research Center for Industrial Accelerators, Dongshin Univ.) ;
  • Kim, Ju-Hee (Tea Experiment Station, Jeonnam Provincial ARES) ;
  • Park, Min-Hee (Biology Research Center for Industrial Accelerators, Dongshin Univ.) ;
  • Lee, Sook-Young (Biology Research Center for Industrial Accelerators, Dongshin Univ.)
  • 차영주 (동신대학교 산업용가속기이용생물연구센터) ;
  • 이장원 (동신대학교 산업용가속기이용생물연구센터) ;
  • 김주희 (전남농업기술원 차시험장) ;
  • 박민희 (동신대학교 산업용가속기이용생물연구센터) ;
  • 이숙영 (동신대학교 산업용가속기이용생물연구센터)
  • Published : 2004.06.30


The major compositions of leaf tea and flower tea were investigated to develope as a new functional tea using Korean native Camellia japonica L. Most of leaf teas, except flower tea, were considered as good materials with basic conditions for tea manufacture because water content was below 6%. Crude protein was the greatest component in roasted young leaf tea (RYLT), crude fats in roasted mature leaf tea (RMLT) and ashes in fermented young leaf tea (FYLT). Caffein were present as the highest amount (5.18%) in steamed mature leaf tea (SMLT), showing less amount than green tea. Catechin were contained as the highest amount in all kinds of teas, especially FYLT was the highest (9.57%). Tannin, which highly related with tea quality including astringent taste, color and perfume, were present as the highest amount in FYLT. Vitamin C was highly detected in the tea from flowers (22.7 mg/l00 g) rather than in the tea from leaves. The content of theanine were found in flower tea by 1,074 mg/l00 g, and had about twofold of FYLT and RYLT. Among free amino acids, glutamic acid and aspartic acid were higher detected in SMLT and RMLT while asparagine was present as higher amounts in RYLT and FYLT, expecting these components can improve tea taste. Nucleic acids and their derivatives including GMP, hypoxanthine and AMP were detected as the higher amounts by 7.86, 8.57, and $12.67\;{\mu}mol/g$, respectively, however IMP content was even reduced by all manufacturing processes. In all kinds of tea, sugars such as glucose, fructose, sucrose and maltose were detected, specially glucose and fructose were found as highest amount in RFT by 65.5 and 59.6 nmol/0.1 mg, respectively.


Camellia japonica;leaf tea;flower tea;major composition


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