한국산 약용식물로부터의 SOD활성 및 Phenolic Compounds 함량 비교

Comparision of SOD Activity and Phenolic Compound Contents in Various Korean Medicinal Plants

  • 임정대 (강원대학교 농생대 식물응용과학부) ;
  • 유창연 (강원대학교 농생대 식물응용과학부) ;
  • 김명조 (강원대학교 농생대 식물응용과학부) ;
  • 윤성중 (전북대학교 생물자원과학부) ;
  • 이선주 (건국대학교 생명환경과학대학) ;
  • 김나영 (경희대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 정일민 (건국대학교 생명환경과학대학)
  • Lim, Jung-Dae (College of Agriculture & Life Sci., Kangwon Natl. Univ.) ;
  • Yu, Chang-Yeon (College of Agriculture & Life Sci., Kangwon Natl. Univ.) ;
  • Kim, Myong-Jo (College of Agriculture & Life Sci., Kangwon Natl. Univ.) ;
  • Yun, Song-Joong (Division of Biological Resources Sci., Chonbuk Natl. Univ.) ;
  • Lee, Sun-Ju (College of Life and Environment Sci., Konkuk Univ.) ;
  • Kim, Na-Young (Department of Food & Nutrition, Kyung Hee Univ.) ;
  • Chung, Ill-Min (College of Life and Environment Sci., Konkuk Univ.)
  • 발행 : 2004.06.30

초록

한국에 분포하고 있는 82종의 약용식물에 대하여 환경내성 및 기능성 소재의 개발을 위한 탐색을 위하여 항산화효소와 관련된 첫 번째 방어기작인 SOD 효소활성과 Phenol 화합물의 함량정도를 검정하여 본 결과 SOD 효소활성은 원지 (P. tenuifolia Willd.), 백편두 (D. lablab L.), 백개자 (S. alba L.), 대황 (R. palmatum L.), 감초 (G. uralensis Fisch), 연자육 (N. nucifera Gaertn), 지황 [R. glutinosa (Gaertner) Liboshitz], 현삼 (S. buergeriana Miq.), 인진 (A. capillaris Thb.)등에서 다른 약용작물보다 비교적 높은 SOD 효소 활성 능력을 나타냈다. Total phenol함량은 $(3{\sim}249.731\;{\mu}g/g)$의 범위를 보였으며 지유(S. officinalis L.), 대황 (R. palmatum L.), 복분자 (R. chingii Hu)에서 각각 $249.731\;{\mu}g/g,\;209.546\;{\mu}g/g,\;170.333\;{\mu}g/g$으로 가장 높은 함량을 나타냈다. 16종의 phenol 화합물의 경우에서는 82종의 약용식물이 각기 매우 상이한 농도의 분포를 나타내었다. 앞으로의 연구에서는, 항산화 효소 및 phenol 화합물이 많이 함유하여 우수한 기능성을 가지고 있는 것을 확인된 약용식물에 대해 그들의 이용성을 증대시킬 수 있는 구체적인 연구가 수행되어져야 할 것으로 사료된다. 또한 phenol성 물질을 많이 함유하는 약용식물 추출물을 이용한 기능성 식품, 화장품, 천연 보존재 및 의약품 등으로 개발 (Cook & Samman, 1996)할 수 있을 것으로 판단되어진다.

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