Changes of Component on Green Discolored Garlic

녹변된 마늘의 성분 변화

  • Published : 2004.02.28

Abstract

Effects of temperature, discoloration, and conditioning on garlic compositions before and after storage were examined. Proximate composition, soluble solids, pH, organic acids, and total sugars of all samples were not significantly different. Sugar contents were sucrose > fructose > glucose, and included such fructooligosaccharide as 1-kestose, 1-nystose, and 1-F-fructosyl nystose. Allicin contents in control, green discolored, and conditioned garlics were 647,9, 613.8, and 648.0 mg%, respectively. Thirty-two flavor compounds were identified by GC/MSD, including 11 sulfide compounds, 5 acids, and 3 aldehydes. Contents of sulfur compounds, including disulfide(di-propenyl), 2-thiophene methanethiol, thiophene, 3,4 dihydro-3-vinyl-1,2-dithiin, and 2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithin, and water-soluble pectins in low temperature-stored garlic were higher than those in control, and decreased by conditioning or inducing green discoloration. These results show sulfur compounds and water-soluble pectins accumulated in low temperature stored-garlic, and are then converted into green pigments by alliinase in disintegrated garlic tissues.

Keywords

Garlic;conditioning;green discoloration;analysis

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