Effects of Jeotkal Addition on Quality of Kimchi

젓갈의 첨가가 김치의 품질에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2004.02.28

Abstract

Effects of jeotkal (salted-fermented seafoods) addition on acid production, growth of lactic acid bacteria, sensory properties, and volatile odor components of kimchi were investigated. Changes in pH and acidity of kimchi added with myulchi-aekjeot, kanari-aekjeot, and aekche-Jukjeot were similar to, whereas those of saeu-jeot sample on 0, 2, and 4 days of ripening were slightly different, those of control sample. Changes in pH and acidity of jogae-jeot sample during whole ripening period were markedly different from those of other samples. Numbers of lactic acid bacteria of all samples on 0 and 4 days were $1.8-2.6{\times}10^{5}\;and\;1.0-2.5{\times}10^{9}\;CFU/mL$, respectively. Overall acceptability and taste of kimchi added with jeotkal except jogae-jeot were higher than those of control sample, with saeu-jeot-added kimchi showing the highest scores. Eight volatile odor components were identified in 6-day-ripened kimchi samples, and those of saeu-jeot sample were slightly higher than those of other samples. Diallyl sulfide and methyl propyl disulfide were produced in 6-day-ripened samples. Ethanol, methyl allyl sulfide, and dimethyl disulfide concentrations increased, whereas that of allyl mercaptan decreased in 6-day-ripened samples compared to unripened ones.

Keywords

kimchi;jeotkal;volatile odor components

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