Quality Characteristics of Commercial Oiji, Korean Cucumber Pickle

시판 오이지의 품질 특성

  • Park, So-Hyun (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Wan-Soo (Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Ree (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Chungnam National University)
  • Published : 2004.06.30

Abstract

Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of commercial Oiji, Korean pickled cucumbers (six commercial and three traditionally made products) were investigated. Saltiness values for commercial and traditionally made products were 3.424-4.47 and 3.92-7,23%, and acidity and pH were 3.43-3.85 and 0.39-0.75%, respectively, Commercial products showed lower L and higher b values than traditionally made products. Redness of both products ranged from -1.47 to -3.71. Numbers of total microbial, lactic acid bacteria, and yeast in traditionally made products ($1{\times}10^{7}-1.3{\times}10^{9},\;4{\times}10^{6}-4.7{\times}10^{8},\;and\;1.3{\times}10^{6}-3{\times}10^{8}\;cfu/mL,\;respectively$), were higher than those of commercial products ($1{\times}10^{4}-2{\times}10^{7},\;1{\times}10^{4}-6{\times}10^{6},\;and\;1{\times}10^{4}-6{\times}10^{6}cfu/mL\;respectively$). Texture analysis revealed fracturability (2,103-3,010 g) and hardness (409-890 g) varied among the products above. Overall acceptability scores of commercial products C1 and C2 were highest at 7.6-8.0 compared to other products (p<0.05). From the principal component analysis, the first principal component (PC1, 79.94%) and the second principal component (PC2, 19.94%) could describe the majority of the variability. Commercial product C1, C2, C3, and C7 having high negative loadings on the PC2 axis are closely related to over-all acceptability, over-all taste, savory taste and hardness. From Pearson correlation analysis, hardness and chewiness correlated positively with saltiness, whereas over-all acceptability, positively correlated with savory and overall taste, respectively (p<0.05).

Keywords

commercial Korean pickled cucumber(Oiji);physicochemical properties;sensory properties

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