쌀겨 단백질 코팅에 의한 현미의 저장성 향상

Improved Storage Stability of Brown Rice by Coating with Rice Bran Protein

  • 김경미 (건국대학교 응용생물화학과) ;
  • 장인숙 (건국대학교 응용생물화학과) ;
  • 하상도 (중앙대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 배동호 (건국대학교 응용생물화학과)
  • Kim, Kyung-Mi (Department of Applied Biology and Chemistry, Konkuk University) ;
  • Jang, In-Suk (Department of Applied Biology and Chemistry, Konkuk University) ;
  • Ha, Sang-Do (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Bae, Dong-Ho (Department of Applied Biology and Chemistry, Konkuk University)
  • 발행 : 2004.06.30

초록

탈지강에 10% ethanol을 5배(w/v) 첨가하여 pH 8로 조절하면서 3시간 동안 추출한 탈지강 단백질 추출액에 glycerol 2% (w/v)을 첨가하여 $80^{\circ}C$까지 가열한 후, 냉각된 코팅제를 현미에 코팅, 건조하여 코팅쌀을 가공하였다. 코팅 횟수는 1-5회로 코팅현미를 8주간 저장하면서 품질변화를 관찰하였다. 중량 감소율은 큰 변화가 없었고, 과산화물가, 산가는 코팅쌀이 코팅하지 않은 쌀 보다 낮았다. Lipase와 lipoxygenase의 활성은 코팅횟수가 3회 이상부터는 효소의 활성이 약간 감소하였고, 코팅에 따른 쌀의 표면과 내부를 주사전자현미경으로 확대하였을 때 모든 시료에서 미립현상을 관찰할 수 있었으며, 수화속도는 큰 차이가 없었다. 물결합력은 코팅쌀이 코팅하지 않은 쌀보다 높았고, 호화 응집성의 감소율도 3회 이상 코팅한 쌀이 훨씬 작았으며 쌀의 전분호화개시온도는 각각 $68^{\circ}C$$71^{\circ}C$, 최고 점도는 320BU와 420BU였다. 저장기간 동안 쌀의 갈변에 영향을 끼치는 색도인 b값은 코팅한 쌀이 코팅하지 않은 쌀보다 낮았으며, 물리적 조직감에서는 코팅한 쌀이 경도가 낮고 부착성이 높았다. 저장 8주 후 취반하여 관능검사를 실시한 결과, 전반적인 품질 항목에서 코팅쌀의 기호도가 높았다.

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