Characteristics of Seaweed Salts Prepared with Seaweeds

해조소금의 제조에 관한 연구

  • Published : 2004.12.31

Abstract

Physicochemical properties and mineral composition of seaweed salts prepared by incineration and osmotic dehydration methods were determined. As the incineration temperature increased, yield of seaweed salts, insoluble solids, pH, alkalinity, and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) decreased. Alkalinity of salt prepared with sea tangle was higher than that of sea mustard. ORP decreased by incineration above $700^{\circ}C$, and was lower in salt with sea tangle. As incineration temperature increased, amounts of K and Ca in seaweed salt increased, whereas that of Mg decreased. Potassium and Ca contents of seaweed salt increased remarkably compared with those of common salt. Potassium content of sea tangle salt was higher than that of sea mustard. As incineration time increased, yield of seaweed salts, insoluble solid content, and pH decreased, whereas ORP of the salt increased. Potassium content of seaweed salt with incineration time, while Ca and Na contents decreased after incineration of 8 and 4 hr, respectively. Yield of seaweed salt by osmotic dehydration increased as immersion time in sea water increased. pH of salt from sea mustard was higher than that of sea tangle. ORP of seaweed salt dried three times was -128.8 mV, significantly lower than that of salt prepared by incineration method. As sea water immersion time increased, Mg content of seaweed salt increased significantly, while Ca content decreased. Potassium content of seaweed salt was higher in sea tangle salt. In case of salt prepared by incineration of residuals, pH increased with immersion time but ORP decreased.

Keywords

seaweed salt;incinerate and osmosis;mineral composition;ORP

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