Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cakes Containing Various Levels of Millet Flour

조 분말의 첨가가 sponge cake의 품질특성에 미치는 영향

  • Chang, Hak-Gil (Department of Food and Bioengineering, Kyungwon University)
  • 장학길 (경원대학교 생명공학부)
  • Published : 2004.12.31

Abstract

Effects of normal (non-waxy) and waxy millet flours on properties of sponge cake were examined. Total dietary fiber contents of normal and waxy millets were 5.04 and 5.12%, respectively, while that of soft wheat flour was 2.23%. Alkaline water retention capacity value generally increased with addition of normal and waxy millet flours, whereas peak, minimum, and final viscosities decreased. Mixing time and mixing height decreased with addition of millet flour. Lightness of cake crust increased with addition of normal millet flour, whereas it decreased with addition of waxy millet flour, tightness of cake crumb decreased as the amount of normal and waxy millet flours increased. Increasing proportions of normal and waxy millet flours resulted in significantly decreased loaf volume. Replacement of 10% wheat flour by both normal and waxy millet flours did not significantly affect characteristics of sponge cake, but addition of more than 20% millet flour resulted in significant differences in quality characteristics.

Keywords

sponge cake;cake;millet;waxy-millet

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