Improvement of Learning Behavior of Mice by an Antiacetylcholinesterase and Neuroprotective Agent NX42, a Laminariales-Alga Extract

Acetylcholinesterase 억제 및 신경세포 보호 활성을 갖는 다시마목 해조 추출물 NX42의 마우스 학습능력 향상 효과

  • Lee, Bong-Ho (Laboratory of Aging and Degenerative Diseases, Hanbat National University) ;
  • Stein, Steven M. (Department of Medicine, University of Washington)
  • Published : 2004.12.31

Abstract

Brown-alga-derived natural agent NX42, mainly composed of algal polysaccharides and phlorotannins, showed mild but dose-dependent inhibition of acetylcholinesterase with $IC_{50}=600-700\;{\mu}g/mL$. Phlorotannin-rich fraction of NX42 showed substantial increase of the activity by more than one order of magnitude ($IC_{50}=54\;{\mu}g/mL$) and significant protection of SK-N-SH cells from oxidative stress by $H_2O_2$. Learning trials of mice for 5 consecutive days revealed electric-shock treatment during learning period significantly retarded learning process, whereas NX42-treated mice showed significant resistance against leaning deficiency possibly mainly due to anticholinesterase and neuroprotective activities of phlorotannin.

다당류 및 플로로탄닌 등을 주성분으로 하는 갈조추출물 NX42가 인지능력 향상에 미치는 영향을 평가하기 위한 in vitro 및 동물실험을 수행하였다. 그 결과 NX42는 acetylcholinesterase에 대하여 온화하지만 용량의존적인 억제효과($IC_{50}=600-700\;{\mu}g/mL$)를 나타내었다. NX42로부터 추출된 플로로탄닌 분획은 현저히 높은 용량 의존적 억제 효과($IC_{50}=54\;{\mu}g/mL$)를 나타내었다. 반면, 플로로탄닌이 제거된 분획과 푸코이단은 억제효과가 없었다. NX42 및 플로로탄닌 분획은 과산화수소에 의해 유발된 산화스트레스 조건 하에서의 SK-N-SH 세포의 파괴를 유의성 있게 억제한 반면, 플로로탄닌이 제거된 분획과 푸코이단은 보호효과를 나타내지 않았다. 스트레스 조건 하에 있는 마우스의 학습능력에 미치는 효과를 평가한 결과, NX42를 섭취한 마우스의 경우에는 섭취하지 않은 경우에 비하여 유의성 있게 개선된 학습능력을 나타내었으며, 이는 in vitro 실험 결과를 바탕으로 볼 때, NX42에 함유된 플로로탄닌의 acetylcholinesterase 억제 활성 및 신경보호활성에 의한 것으로 해석된다.

Keywords

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