DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on Improving the Reality of the Vehicle Simulator Based on the Virtual Reality

가상현실 기반의 차량 시뮬레이터의 현실감 향상에 관한 연구

  • 최영일 (성균관대학교 대학원 기계공학부) ;
  • 권성진 (성균관대학교 대학원 기계공학부) ;
  • 장석 (성균관대학교 대학원 기계공학부) ;
  • 김규희 (성균관대학교 대학원 기계공학부) ;
  • 조기용 (성균관대학교 대학원 기계공학부) ;
  • 서명원 (성균관대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2004.08.01

Abstract

In these days, a vehicle simulator has been developed with a VR(Virtual Reality) system. A VR system must provide a vehicle simulator with natural interaction, sufficient immersion and realistic images. In addition, a VR system must present a driver with the realistic driving situation. To achieve these, it is important to obtain a fast and uniform rendering performance regardless of the complexity of virtual worlds. In this paper, the factors to improve the reality for the VR based vehicle simulator have been investigated. For the purpose, the modeling and the rendering methods which offer an improved performance for complex VR applications as the 3D road model have been implemented and verified. Then, we experiment on the influence of graphic and sound factors to the driver, and analyze each result for improving the reality such as the driver's viewport, the form of texture, the lateral distance of the side object, and the sound effect. These factors are evaluated on the driving system which is constructed for qualitative analysis. The research results could be used for improving the reality of the VR based vehicle simulator.

Keywords

Virtual Reality;Vehicle Simulator;3D Modeling;Rendering;Polygon;Map Texture;Mapping;Frame Rate

References

  1. Weir, D. H. and Bourne, S. M., 1995, 'An Overview of the DR! Driving Simulator,' Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE Paper No.950173
  2. Mazzae, E. N., Baldwin, G. H. S. and McGehee, D. V., 1999, 'Driver Crash Avoidance Behavior with ABS in an Intersection Incursion Scenario on the Iowa Driving Simulator,' Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE Paper No.1999-01-1290
  3. Hiramatsu, K., Satoh, K., Uno, H. and Soma, H., 1994, 'The First Step of Motion System Realization in the JAR! Driving Simulator,' Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control, pp. 99-104
  4. Ichinose, M., Yokoyama, A., Nishigaito, T., Saito, H. and Ueki, N., 2002, 'Development of Hardware-In-the-Loop Simulator for Adaptive Cruise Control System,' Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control, pp. 207-212
  5. Kading, W. and Hoffmeyer, F., 1995, 'The Advanced Daimler-Benz Driving Simulator,' Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE Paper No.950175
  6. Wohn, K. Y. and Park, J. H., 2001, 'Human Sensibility Ergonomics and Virtual Reality Technologies,' Journal of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering, Vol. 18, No.2, pp. 40-45
  7. Allen, R. W., Rosenthal, T, J., Aponso, B. L., Klyde, D.H., Anderson, F. G., Houge, J. R., and Chrstos, J. P., 1998, 'A Low Cost PC Based Driving Simulator for Prototyping and Hardware-In -The-Loop Applications,' Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE Paper No.980222
  8. Choi, D. C., Kim, J. H., Yoo, S. C. and Lee, W. S., 2000, 'Development of Database and Real-Time Graphics Engines for Virtual Driving Environment of Driving Simulators,' Proceedings of the Korea Information Science Society, Human Computer Interaction Conference, pp. 498-503
  9. Son, K. and Choi, K. H., 2001, 'Factors Related to Velocity Perception in a Graphic Simulator,' Proceedings of International Conference on Computer-Aided Ergonomics and Safety, CD-ROM
  10. Schmalstieg, D. and Gervautz M., 1997, 'Modeling and Rendering of Outdoor Scenes for Distributed Virtual Environments,' Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology, pp. 209-215 https://doi.org/10.1145/261135.261173
  11. Suh, M. W., Koo, T. Y. Kwon, S. J., Shin, Y. S., Cho, K. Y., and Park, D. Y., 2002, 'Development of the SVPG(Sungkyunkwan Univ. Virtual Proving Ground) : System Configuration and Application of the Virtual Proving Ground,' Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, Vol. 10, No.1, pp. 195-202
  12. Kim, T. K., Park, Y. K. and Suh, M. W., 1999, 'A Study on the Performance Characteristics of the VDC Vehicles,' Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, Vol. 7, No.9, pp. 146-157
  13. Multigen Paradigm, 1999, Multigen Creator User's Guide
  14. Multigen Paradigm, 1999, Vega Programmer's Guide
  15. Lee, W. Y., 1992, 'Comparison of Eye-Fixations Behavior between Passenger Car Driver and Truck Driver,' Journal of Traffic Safety Research, Vol. 11, pp. 147-155