CT and scintigraphic evaluation of osseointegration following immediate versus delayed implantation in dogs

개에서 즉시형과 지연형 인공치아 식립후 골유합에 대한 CT와 신티그라피 평가

  • Kim, Juoog-Hyun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Jae Yeong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Won-Guk (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Oh, Won Young (Hospital, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, So-Seob (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kang, Seong Soo (College of Veterinary Medicine and Institute of Veterinary Medical Science,Chonnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Seok Hwa (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University)
  • 김중현 (충북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이재영 (충북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이원국 (충북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 오원영 (충북대학교 병원) ;
  • 김소섭 (충북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 강성수 (전남대학교 수의과대학 및 동물의학연구소) ;
  • 최석화 (충북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Accepted : 2004.02.10
  • Published : 2004.03.31


Osseointegration involves anchoring dental implants to stable bone rather than to soft-tissue. Clinical osseointegration is currently defined as the process whereby alloplastic material is asymptomatically and rigidly fixed and maintained in bone during functional loading. Full osseointegration is necessary for the success of long-term dental implants. Recent developments in computer assisted measurement of bone formation have improved maxillofacial examination and osseointegration. Computer assisted examination has also proved effective in dental implantology. This investigation was aimed to determine osseointegration in immediate and delayed implantation in the dog mandible using dental computed tomography (CT) and bone scintigraphy. Five adult (mean age of 2 years) mongrel dogs with a mean weight of 9.1 kg were used in this investigation. Titanium alloy implant systems with 4 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length were chosen for insertion. The second and third left mandibular premolars in each dog were extracted for the delayed implant insertion. Twelve weeks later, the second and third right mandibular premolars were extracted for the immediate implant insertion. Before the delayed and immediate implantation procedures and 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the insertions, dental CT and scintigraphy were conducted. The CT and scintigraphic images indicate that reconstruction of bone surrounding of the immediate implant can be as successful as reconstruction of bone surrounding of the delayed implant.


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