Plasma Leptin and Performance of Purebred and Backcrossed Hereford throughout Grazing and Feedlot Fattening

  • Vega, R.A. (College of Agriculture, UPLB) ;
  • Hidari, H. (Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Matsunaga, N. (Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Kuwayama, H. (Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Manalo, D.D. (College of Agriculture, UPLB) ;
  • Lee, H.G. (Seoul National University) ;
  • Hata, H. (Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University)
  • Received : 2003.08.22
  • Accepted : 2004.04.10
  • Published : 2004.07.01


In a herd of 24 spring-born steers, plasma leptin and performance of selected purebred (n=5) and backcrossed Hereford (n=5) were compared in a year-round summer grazing and winter feedlot fattening. Bimonthly blood collection and body weight measurement were accomplished. The plasma samples were analyzed for leptin, insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, NEFA and glucose. The experimental design utilized one-way ANOVA with breed as the treatment. The purebred obtained higher plasma NEFA (p<0.001) compared to backcross, regardless of seasonal feeding systems (SFS). The backcross showed gradual increase and nonresponsiveness of plasma leptin to SFS. During summer grazing, attenuation of plasma leptin and sudden elevation when shifted to winter feedlot fattening were observed in purebred. Plasma leptin obtained linear relationship with body weight of purebred (r=0.53;p<0.001) and backcrossed Hereford (r=0.49; p<0.01). The purebred and backcrossed Hereford, when shifted to summer grazing, resulted to sustained and restricted daily gain, respectively. Therefore, cattle breeds of higher growth potential exhibit significant elevation of plasma leptin after 400 kg BW, when animal starts to deposit significant body fat.


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