Insecticidal activity of thiodicarb on lepidopterous pests

나방류에 대한 thiodicarb의 살충활성

  • Choi, Yu-Mi (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Gil-Hah (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Chungbuk National University)
  • 최유미 (충북대학교 농과대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농과대학 식물의학과)
  • Published : 2004.03.30


A series of experiments was conducted to determine the toxicities of thiodicarb on the six lepidopterous pests (Pseudaletia separata, Plutella xylostella, Palpita indica, Spodoptera exigua, Helicoverpa assulta, Spodoptera litura) and to elucidate factors insecticidal effects mechanism of thiodicarb. Thiodicarb was very effective against six lepidopterous young larvae, but less effective to the old larvae and it acted slowly. Thiodicarb inhibited acetylcholinesterase and glutathione S-transferase activities, but not inhibit esterase activity.


  1. Coats, J. R. (1983). Insecticide mode of action. Academic Press. p.457
  2. Gunning, R. V., G. D., Moores and A. L. Devonshire (1996) Insensitive acetylcholinesterase and resistance to thiodicarb in Austalian Helicoverpa amigera (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 55:21-28
  3. Maa, W. C. and S., Liao (2000) Culture-dependent variation in esterase Isozymes and malathion susceptibility of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. Zoll. Studies.39:375 - 386
  4. Scott, J. A. (1995) The molecular genetics of resistance: resistance as a response to stress. Flor. Entomol. 78:399-414
  5. 농약사용지침서 (2003). 농약공업협회. p.458
  6. Brattsten, L. B. and R. L. Metcalf (1973) Age-dependent variations in the response of several species of diptera to nsecticidal chemicals. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 3:189-198
  7. Tomlin, C. D. S. (2000) The pesticide manual. BCPC. p.1343
  8. Ketterman, A. J., P. Prommeenate, C. Boonchauy, U. Chanama, S. Leetachewa, N. Promtet and L. Prapanthadara (2001). Single antino acid change outside the active site significantly affect activity of glutathione S-transferase. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 31:65-74
  9. Abbott, W. S. (1925) A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide J. Econ. Entomol 18:265-267
  10. Baker, J. E., J. A. Fabrick and K. Y. Zhu (1998) Characterization of esterases in malathion-resistant and susceptible strains of the pteromalid parasitoid Anisopteromalus calandrae. Insect. Mol. Biol. 28:1039-1050
  11. Kim, G. H. , S. J. Moon, Y. D. Chang and K. Y. Cho (1998) Property of action of new insecticide, flupyrazofos against diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 2:117-125
  12. Ellman, G. L., K. D. Coutney, V. Andres, J. and B. C. Featherstone (1961) A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity. Biochem. Pharmacol. 7:88-95
  13. Habig, W. H., M. J. Pabst and W. B. Jakoby. 1974. Glutathione S-transferases: The firrst enzymatic step in mercapturic acid formation J. Biol. Chem. 249:7130-7139
  14. Van Asperen, K. J. (1962) A study of housefly esterase by means of 8 sensitive colorimetric method. J. Insect Pathol. 8:401-416