Selective toxicity of spirodiclofen and fluacrypyrim+tetradifon to the predatory Mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) and the tea red spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai (Acarina: Tetranychidae)

칠레이리응애와 차응애에 대한 spirodiclofen과 fluacrypyrim+tetradifon의 선택독성

  • Seo, Sang-Gi (Department of Applied Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Park, Jong-Dae (Jeonnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Seon-Gon (Jeonnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Do-Ik (Jeonnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Soo (Department of Applied Biology, Sunchon National University)
  • Published : 2004.03.30

Abstract

The selective toxicity of spirodiclofen and fluacrypyrim+tetradifon to the predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis and the tea red spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai was evaluated. The bean leaf discs with adult females or eggs of both species were sprayed with several concentrations of spirodiclofen or fluacrypyrim+tetradifon. Spirodiclofen and fluacrypyrim+tetradifon were much less toxic to P. persimilis than to T. kanzawai. Although the survival rate of adult females of P. persimilis tended to decrease with increasing concentrations of spirodiclofen, 92-68% of predators survived at concentrations of 22.5-180 ppm. Likewise, reproduction was reduced with increasing spirodiclofen concentration. Spirodiclofen did not affect the hatch of P. persimilis eggs. Survival of immature predators decreased with increasing spirodiclofen concentration, however, 88-20% of immature predators reached adulthood at 22.5-90 ppm. In the case of fluacrypyrim+tetradifon, the survival rate of adult females of P. persimilis tended to decrease with increasing concentrations of fluacrypyrim+tetradifon. However, 94-72% of predators remained alive at concentrations of 22.5-180 ppm. Likewise, reproduction was reduced with increasing fluacrypyrim+tetradifon concentration. Fluracypyrim+tetradifon did not affect the hatch of P. persimilis eggs. Survival of immature predators decreased with increasing fluacrypyrim+tetradifon concentration, however, 100-86% of immature predators reached adulthood at 22.5-180 ppm. Based on the results, spirodiclofen and fluacrypyrim+tetradifon appeared to be promising candidates for use in integrated mite management programs where P. persimilis is the major natural enemy.

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