Rapid diagnosis and control of sulfonylurea resistant Monochoria korsakowii

Sulfonylurea계 제초제 저항성 물옥잠의 조기진단과 방제

  • Park, Tae-Seon (Department of Agricultural Biology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Moon, Byeong-Chul (Department of Agricultural Biology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Cho, Jeong-Rae (Department of Agricultural Biology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Suk (Department of Agricultural Biology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Moo-Sung (College of Life Science & Center for Oriental Medicinal Materials and Processing, Kyunghee University) ;
  • Kim, Kil-Ung (Dept. of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Kyungpook National University)
  • 박태선 (농업과학기술원 농업생물부) ;
  • 문병철 (농업과학기술원 농업생물부) ;
  • 조정래 (농업과학기술원 농업생물부) ;
  • 김창석 (농업과학기술원 농업생물부) ;
  • 김무성 (경희대학교 생명과학대학) ;
  • 김길웅 (경북대학교 농업생명과학대학)
  • Published : 2004.03.30

Abstract

Sulfonylurea(SU)-resistant Monochoria korsakowii has resently been found in rice fields in Korea. A quick, practical and accurate test of confirming herbicide resistance is necessary to take timely management decision. This article describes a rapid reliable assay to detect SU-resistant biotype of Monochoria korsakowii. Up to now, the resistance to SU has been usually checked by application seedlings with herbicide. This application technique is time consuming and not practical. Therefore, we have developed efficient, rapid and practical diagnosis which allow easy detection of the SU-resistant Monochoria korsakowii by survival rate and regenerated plant length to herbicide application after cutting plants $0.5\sim1cm$ from the planted surface. This new rapid diagnosis can determine the SU resistance of the Monochoria korsakowii within 7 days at least. If the resistance of Monochoria korsakowii is identified by the rapid diagnosis, the selection of herbicide according to the stages of plants for the effective control is very important. The resistant biotype which treated with SU herbicide-based mixtures survived from the fields could effectively be controlled by soil application of butachlor+pyrazolate GR or by foliar application of the mixtures of bentazone SL and 2,4-D SL.

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