Preparation and Characterization of Elastomeric Solid Electrolyte Based on $PEO-EDA-LiClO_4$ Blends

$PEO-EDA-LiClO_4$ 블렌드계 탄성체 전해질의 제조와 특성

  • Published : 2004.03.31

Abstract

Solid polymer electrolytes were prepared by UV irradiation of the blends consisting of poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO), epoxy diacrylate(EDA) and LiClO_4$. Conductivities of the electrolyte films were measured as a function or blend composition, salt concentration and temperature. The electrolyte having the composition of poly(ethylene oxide) (70% by weight)/epoxy diacrylate (30% by weight) with mole ratio of 10 of ethylene $oxide/Li^+$ exhibited a high ionic conductivity of $1.2{\times}10^{-5} S/cm$ at $25^{\circ}C$. This blend is transparent and shows elastomeric properties. Morphological studies by means of differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and polarized optical microscopy indicated that the cured epoxy chains in the blends inhibit the crystallization of poly (ethylene oxide) and thereby induce the blend systems to be completely amorphous in certain compositions.

Poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO)와 epoxy diacrylate(EDA) 및 금속염인 LiClO_4$를 블렌드하고 자외선 가교시킴으로써 이온전도특성을 나타내는 고체 전해질을 제조하고, 제조된 전해질의 이온 전도도를 블렌드조성 염농도 및 온도 변화에 따가 측정하였다. PEO/EDA의 조성비가 70/30 wt%이고 ethylene $oxide/Li^+$의 몰비가 10인 전해질이 $25^{\circ}C$에서 $1.2{\times}10^{-5} S/cm$에 달하는 높은 이온전도도를 나타내었다. 제조된 전해질 필름은 투명하였으며 고무와 같은 탄성을 나타내었다. DSC, XRD 및 편광현미경을 이용한 모폴로지 분석으로부터 에폭시 사슬이 PEO의 결정화를 억제함으로써 완전히 무정형인 블렌드를 제조할 수 있음을 확인할 수 있었다.

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