Effect of Whey Calcium on the Quality Characteristics of Kimchi

유청칼슘 첨가가 김치의 품질특성에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2004.03.01

Abstract

Calcium powder from whey (WCF) was added to enrich the calcium content of kimchi, and the mixing ratios of it to salted Chinese cabbage were 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5%. Quality characteristics of kimchi such as pH, titratable acidity, reducing sugar content and microbial loads were measured during fermentation at 10$^{\circ}C$. Kimchi samples with WCF showed a higher level in pH and titratable acidity than that of control during fermentation. Kimchi having higher WCF maintained a higher in pH and titratable acidity, and titratable acidity was above 1.0% about 12 days in kimchi sample with 0.5% WCF. Reducing sugar content was steadily decrease after 5 days, and control maintained a higher than others. Microbial load was similar until 10 days, but control was lower than kimchi samples with WCF. Based on the titratable acidity, kimchi with WCF had a limitation in shelf life.

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