Speed Sensorless Torque Monitoring During Machining on CNC Lathe

CNC 선반가공 중 속도 센서리스 토크 감시

  • 홍익준 (서울시립대학교 기계정보공학과) ;
  • 권원태 (서울시립대학교 대학원 기계정보공학과)
  • Published : 2004.03.01


In this paper, the torque of CNC spindle motor during machining is estimated without speed measuring sensor. The CNC spindle system is divided into two parts, the induction spindle motor part and mechanical part. In mechanical part, the variation of the frictional force due to the increment of the cutting torque and the effect of damping coefficient is investigated. Damping coefficient is found to be a function of spindle speed and not influenced by the weight of the load, while frictional force is a function of both the cutting torque and spindle speed. Experimental equations are drawn for damping coefficient and Coulomb friction as a function of spindle speed. Incremental frictional torque Is also obtained as a function of both cutting torque and spindle speed. Graphical programming is used to implement the suggested algorithm to monitor the torque of an induction motor in real time. Torque of the spindle induction motor is estimated well in about average 3% error range under various cutting conditions.


CNC Lathe;Torque Monitoring;Coulumb Friction;Increment of Frictional Force


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