Optimization of the Production of Fibrinolytic Enzyme from Bacillus firmus NA-1 in Fermented Soybeans

  • Seo, Ji-Hyun (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University) ;
  • Lee, Sam-Pin (Department of Food Science and Technology, Keimyung University)
  • Published : 2004.03.01


Bacillus strains capable of producing fibrinolytic enzyme were isolated from traditional fermented Korean soybean paste and Japanese fermented soybean (Natto). Among the 16 strains, a selected Bacillus sp. was identified as bacillus firmus, with 80.7% homology, by API kit analysis. Seed starter or B. firmus NA-1 was prepared with 5% soymilk prepared from micronized soybean powder. To produce fibrinolytic enzyme by B. firmus NA-1 the liquid culture was performed with NB broth (pH 7.0) fortified with 1% galactose, 0.1% tryptone, and 0.5% $K_2$HPO$_4$, by shaking with 180 rpm at 37$^{\circ}C$. Fibrinolytic enzyme activity reached the highest value at 7.8 unit/mL (plasmin unit) after fermentation for 72 hr. The crude fibrinolytic enzyme showed higher relative activity in the range of pH 7.0∼9.0. The activity of crude fibrinolytic enzyme was well maintained even after concentration by the vacuum evaporation at 5$0^{\circ}C$ for 1 hr.


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