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Anticarcinogenic Effects of Sargassum fulvellum Fractions on Several Human Cancer Cell Lines in vitro

모자반 분획물의 in vitro에서의 항발암효과

  • 배송자 (신라대학교 식품영양학과/마린-바이오 산업화지원센터)
  • Published : 2004.03.01

Abstract

Despite many therapeutic advances in the understanding of the processes in carcinogenesis, overall mortality statistics are unlikely to change until there is reorientation of the concepts for the use of natural products as new anticarcinogenic agents. In this study, we investigated the anticarcinogenic activity, antioxidant and DPPH scavenging activity of Sargassum fulvellum (SF). SF was extracted with methanol, which was further fractionated into five different types: hexane (SFMH), ethylether (SFMEE), ethyl acetate (SFMEA), butanol (SFMB) and aqueous (SFMA) partition layers. We determined the cytotoxic effect of these layers on human cancer cells by MTT assay. Among various partition layers of SF, at starting concentration of 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, SFMEE showed very high cytotoxicity which were 92, 90 and 84% and kept high throughout 5 concentration levels sparsed by 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL against all three human cancer cell lines: HepG2, HT-29 and HeLa. SFMEA showed a low cytotoxicity at the beginning concentration level, but as the concentration became denser, growth inhibition effect of cancer cell lines started to increase and at 500 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, it hit the highest, which were 91, 96 and 98% against the same three cell lines as above. We observed QR induced effect in all fraction layers of SF. SFMEE showed similar tendensy of QR induced effect as did against cytotoxicity. The QR induced effect of SFMEE on HepG2 cells at 25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL concentration indicated 3 times higher than the control value of 1.0 and SFMH tended to be concentration-dependent on HepG2 cells. At 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, the QR induced effects resulted a ratio, which was 2.5 times higher than the control value. In search for antioxidation effects of SF extract and partition layer, the reducing activity on the 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging potential was sequentially screened. The SFM has similar antioxidant activity as to BHT and vitamin C groups.

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