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Antimicrobial Activity of Clove Extract by Extraction Solvents

용매별 정향 추출물의 항균활성

  • 이옥환 (국립 한경대학교 식품생물공학과 식품생물산업연구소) ;
  • 정승현 (오뚜기중앙연구) ;
  • 손종연 (국립 한경대학교 식품생물공학과 식품생물산업연구소)
  • Published : 2004.03.01

Abstract

This study was investigated the antimicrobial activity of clove extracts according to extraction solvents. The extracts were tested for their antimicrobial activity against several food spoilage microorganisms including Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The methanol extract showed stronger antimicrobial activities than water extract. However, petroleum ether extract did not show antimicrobial activity. The water extract of clove showed growth inhibition effect against Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus, whereas no effect against Bacillus subtilis. The methanol extract of clove extracts showed more sensitive antimicrobial activity in Gram (+) bacteria than in Gram (-) bacteria. The antimicrobial activities were increased with increasing concentration of the clove extract.

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