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용매별 정향 추출물의 항균활성

Antimicrobial Activity of Clove Extract by Extraction Solvents

  • 이옥환 (국립 한경대학교 식품생물공학과 식품생물산업연구소) ;
  • 정승현 (오뚜기중앙연구) ;
  • 손종연 (국립 한경대학교 식품생물공학과 식품생물산업연구소)
  • 발행 : 2004.03.01

초록

본 연구에서는 추출용매(물, 메탄올, 석유 에테르)에 따른 정향추출물의 항균성을 비교, 검토하고자 하였다. 물 추출물의 경우 E coli, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, P. aeruginosa에 대해서 항균효과를 나타내었으며 B. subtilis에서는 높은 농도에서도 항균력을 보이지 않았다. 메탄올 추출물의 경우 모든 균에서 항균성을 나타내었고, 특히 S. aureus에 대한 항균성이 매우 우수하였으며, 반면에 석유 에테르 추출물의 경우에서는 항균효과를 나타내지 않았다. 액체배지에서 정향의 생육저해 효과는 물 추출물의 경우 B. subtilis를 제외한 모든 균에서 항균력을 보였으며, 균종별로는 S. aureus보다 E. coli, S. typhimurium에서 더 강한 항균력 을 보였다. 메탄올 추출물의 생육저해 효과를 조사한 결과 모든 균에서 강한 항균력을 보였고, G(-)균보다 G(+)균에 대한 생육저해 효과가 크게 나타났다. 반면 석유 에테르 추출물은 모든 균에 대해서 추출물의 농도에 관계없이 생육저해 효과를 보이지 않았다. 따라서 정향 추출물의 항균력은 메탄올>물>석유에테르 추출물 순이었다.

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