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Optimization for the Industrial Production of Traditional Jeju Tofu

제주전통두부의 산업화를 위한 최적공정확립

  • 오영주 (제주한라대학 호텔조리학과) ;
  • 이삼빈 (계명대학교 식품가공학) ;
  • 김찬식 (제주대학교 원예생명과학부)
  • Published : 2004.03.01

Abstract

Traditional Jeju tofu with a hard texture was manufactured by traditional method with a compounded coagulant. The processing condition for industrial production was optimized by determining soaking of soybean, extraction and heat treatment of soymilk as well as concentration and composition of coagulant. Maximum yield of soymilk was obtained by grinding one part of soaked soybean with eight parts of water, and the soluble solid of soymilk was about 8$^{\circ}$Brix. The free thiol group in soymilk was maximally exposed by heating at 10$0^{\circ}C$ for 2 min. A vacuum cooker for heating soymilk was effective for the improvement of yield and texture properties of tofu. The hardness of traditional Jeju tofu was obtained by increasing pressing time and drying by a fan instead of soaking in cold water. Optimization of a traditional tofu production resulted in the increase of total yield and improvement of quality control. Texture of traditional Jeju tofu prepared in industrial production scale was analyzed by instrumental analysis and sensory evaluation. Traditional Jeju tofu showed higher score in the hardness, roasting taste and overall preference compared with a commercial tofu, showing significant difference in 5% significant level..

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