AC and DC Applications of Induction Generator Excited by Static VAR Compensator

  • Ahmed, Tarek (The Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University) ;
  • Nishida, Katsumi (The Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi Universit) ;
  • Nakaoka, Mutsuo (The Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University)
  • Published : 2004.07.01


This paper presents the steady-state analysis of the three-phase self-excited induction generator (SEIG). The three-phase SEIG with a squirrel cage rotor is driven by a variable-speed prime mover (VSPM) or a constant-speed prime mover (CSPM) such as a wind turbine or a micro gas turbine. Furthermore, a PI closed-loop feedback voltage regulation scheme of the three-phase SEIG driven by a VSPM on the basis of the static VAR compensator (SVC) is designed and evaluated for the stand-alone AC and DC power applications. The simulation and experimental results prove the practical effectiveness of the additional SVC with the PI controller-based feedback loop in terms of its fast responses and high performances


  1. Tarek Ahmed, Osamu Noro, Koji Sato, Eiji Hiraki and Mutsuo Nakaoka 'Single-Phase Self-Excited Induction Generator with Static VAR Compensator Voltage Regulation for Simple and Low Cost Stand-Alone Renewable Energy Utilizations' KIEE International Transactions on Power Engineering, VoI.3-A, No.1, pp.17-34, 2003
  2. Michael B. Brennen and Alberto Abbondanti,'Static Exciters for Induction Generator' IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, VoI.IA-13, No.5, September/ October, 1977
  3. Marcos S. Miranda, Renato O. C. Lyra and Selenio R.Silva, 'An Alternative Isolated Wind Electric Pumping System Using Induction Machines', IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.14, No.4 pp.1611-1616, December, 1999
  4. Ermis, H.B.Erton, M.Demirekler, B.M.Saribatir, Y.Uctvg, M.E.Sezer and I.Cadirici,' Various Induction Generator Schemes for Wind-Electricity Generation', Electric Power Systems Research, Vol.23, pp.71-83, 1992
  5. A.A.Shaltout and M.A.Adel-Halim, 'Solid State Control of Wind-Driven Self-Excited Induction Generator', Electric Machines and Power Systems, Vol.23, pp.571-582 ,1995
  6. E. Suarez and G. Bortolotto, 'Voltage-Frequency Control of A Self-Excited Induction generator', IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.14, No.3 pp.394-401, September, 1999
  7. Li Wang and Lian-Yi Su, 'Effects of Long-Shunt and Short-Shunt Connections on Voltage Variations of A Self-Excited Induction Generator', IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.12, No.4 pp.368-374, December, 1997
  8. S.Rajakarvna and R.Bonert, 'A Technique for The Steady state Analysis of Self-Excited Induction Generator with Variable Speed', IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.8, No.4 pp.757-761, December, 1993
  9. IEEE Special Stability Controls Working Group Report, 'Static VAR Compensator Models for Power Flow and Dynamic Performance Simulation,' IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol.9, No.1, February, 1994
  10. A.K.Aljabri and A.I.Alolah, 'Capacitance Requirement for Isolated Self-Excited Induction Generator', IEE Proceedings, Part B, Vol. 137, No.3, pp.154-159, May, 1990
  11. R. Leidhold, G. Garcia and M.I. Valla, 'Induction generator Controller Based on the Instantaneous Reactive Power Theory', IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.17, No.3 pp.368-373, September, 2002.
  12. S.P.Singh, M.P.Jain and Bhim Singh, 'A New Technique for Analysis of Self-Excited Induction Generator', Electric Machine and Power Systems, Vol.23, pp.647-656, 1995
  13. M. Naidu and J. Walters, 'A 4-kW 42-V Induction-Machine-Based Automotive Power Generation System With a Diode Bridge Rectifier and a PWM Inverter', IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, Vol.39, No.5 pp.1287-1293, September/October, 2003