Determination of Brinell Hardness through Instrumented Indentation Test without Observation of Residual Indent

계장화압입시험법을 이용한 비압흔관찰 브리넬 경도 평가

  • 김성훈 (서울대학교 대학원 재료공학부) ;
  • 최열 (서울대학교 대학원 재료공학부) ;
  • 권동일 (서울대학교 재료공학부)
  • Published : 2004.05.01


Hardness test is performed for determination of the other properties, such as strength, wear resistance and deformation resistance, as well as hardness itself. And it is performed for prediction of residual lifetime by analysis of hardness reduction or hardness ratio. However, hardness test has limitation that observation of residual indent is needed for determination of hardness value, and that is the reason for not to be widely used in industrial field. Therefore, in this study, we performed researches to obtain Brinell hardness value from quantitative numerical formula by analysing relationship between indentation depths from indentation load-depth curve and mechanical properties such as work hardening exponent, yield strength and elastic modulus.


  1. Ahn, J. A. and Kwon, D., 2001, 'Derivation of Plastic Stress-Strain Relationship from Ball Indentations: Examination of Strain Definition and Pileup Effect,' J. Mater. Res., Vol. 16, No. 11, pp. 3170-3178
  2. Doerner, M. F. and Nix, W. D., 1986, 'A Method for Interpreting the Data from Depth-Sensing Indentation Instruments,' J. Mater. Res., Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 601-609
  3. Oliver, W. C. and Pharr, G. M., 1992, 'An Improved Technique for Determining Hardness and Elastic Modulus Using Load and Displacement Sensing Indentation Experiments,' J. Mater. Res., Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 1564-1583
  4. Lim, Y. Y., Chaudhri, M. M. and Enomoto, Y., 1999, 'Accurate Determination of the Mechanical Properties of Thin Aluminum Films Deposited on Sapphire Flats Using Nanoindentation,' J. Mater. Res., Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 2314-2327
  5. Norbury, A. L. and Samuel, T., 1928, 'The Recovery and Sinking-in or Piling-up of Material in the Brinell Test, and the effects of these factors on the correlation of the Brinell with certain Other Hardness Tests,' J. Iron steel Inst., 117, pp.673-687
  6. Rhee, S. S. and McChintock, F. A., 1962, ' On the Effect of Strain Hardening on Strain Concentrations,' Proc. 4th US Nat. Conf. Applied Mechanics, ASME, Berkeley California
  7. Hill, R., Storakers, B. and Zdunek, A.B., 1989, 'A Theoretical Study of the Brinell Hardness Test,' Proc. R. Soc. London, A423, pp.301-330
  8. Matthews, J. R., 1980, 'Indentation Hardness and Hot Pressing', Acta Metall., 28, pp.311-318
  9. Taljat, B. and Pharr, G.M., 1998, 'Pile-up Behavior of Spherical Indentations in Engineering Materials,' Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 522, pp.33-38
  10. Alcala, J., Barone, A. C. and Anglada, M., 2000, 'The Influence of Plastic Hardening on Surface Deformation Modes Around Vickers and Spherical Indents,' Acta Mater., Vol. 48, No. 13, pp. 3451-3464
  11. Malzbender, J. and de With, G., 2002, 'Indentation Load-Displacement Curve, Plastic Deformation, and Energy,' J. Mater. Res., Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 502-511
  12. Haggag, F. M., 1993, 'In-Situ Measurements of Mechanical Properties Using Novel Automated Ball Indentation System,' ASTM STP 1204, ASTM, Philadelphia, pp. 27-44

Cited by

  1. Evaluation of Buckling in Prestressed Composite Truss Girder using ADINA Structure Analysis vol.37, pp.11, 2013,