Monitoring of Bisphenol A and Nonylphenol in Waterworks System of Seoul, Korea

상수도 계통에서 비스페놀 A와 노닐페놀의 실태조사

  • Ham, Young-Kook (Department of Water Quality Research, Waterworks Research Institute of Seoul Metropolitan Government) ;
  • Oh, Sea-Jong (Department of Water Quality Research, Waterworks Research Institute of Seoul Metropolitan Government) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Whan (Division of Life Science, Kangwon National University)
  • 함영국 (서울특별시 상수도연구소 수질연구부) ;
  • 오세종 (서울특별시 상수도연구소 수질연구부) ;
  • 김성완 (강원대학교 생명과학부)
  • Received : 2004.07.08
  • Accepted : 2004.07.30
  • Published : 2004.10.25

Abstract

This study was examined occurrence of bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) in waterworks system of Seoul, Korea from September 2002 to December 2003. The levels of BPA and NP in Han-river and its tributaries were as followed: Paldang-dam, ND(not detected)${\sim}0.033{\mu}g/L$ and $ND{\sim}0.823{\mu}g/L$; Kyungahn-creek, $ND{\sim}0.659{\mu}g/L$ and $ND{\sim}3.827{\mu}g/L$; Whangsuk-creek, $ND{\sim}0.528{\mu}g/L$ and $ND{\sim}12.724{\mu}g/L$, respectively. In water of 6 intake-station, the contents of NP and BPA were detected $0.122{\sim}2.724{\mu}g/L$, and $ND{\sim}0.260{\mu}g/L$, respectively. In the finished- and tap-water of three drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) around Whangsuk-creek, BPA was not detected in all samples, while NP was in ppt levels in whole. Through the process of DWTP, also, the removal ratio of NP was above 80% in all this. Therefore, this result was suggested that levels of BPA and NP in waterworks system depended on non-point contaminants and swage treatment plants in the Han-river shed.

Keywords

HPLC-MSD;BPA;NP

References

  1. R. White, S. Jobling, S. A. Hoare, J. P. Sumpter, M. G. Parker, Endocrinology, 135(1), 175-182(1994).
  2. R. L. Gomes and J. N. Jester, 'Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes: 7. Endocrine Disruptersin Drinking Water and Water Reuse', Ed., 219-266, J. W. Birkett and J. N. Lester, Lewis Publishers. New York. U.S.A., 2003.
  3. Watershed Management Bureau(Han-river Basin Environmental Office), 'A study of trace toxic pollutants in Kyungahn Creek', 151~163. Seoul, Korea, 2000.
  4. M. Petrovic, A. Diaz, F. Ventura, and D. Barcelo, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37(19), 4442-4448(2003).
  5. Y. I. Yoon, P. Westerhoffa, S. A. Snyderb and M. Esparzaa, Water Res., 37 (14), 3530-3537(2003).
  6. T. Tanizaki, K. Kadokami and R. Shinohara, Contam. Toxicol, 68(5), 732-739(2002).
  7. M. Hesselsoe, D. Jensen, K. Skals, T. Olesen, P. Moldrup, P. Roslev, G. K. Mortensen, K. Henriksen, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35(18), 3695-3700(2001).
  8. J. A. Brotons, M. F. Olea-Serano, M. Villalobos, V. Pedraza, and N. Olea, Environ. Health Persp., 103(6), 608-612(1995).
  9. C. A. Staples, P. B. Dorn, G. M. Klecka, S. T. O_Block, L. R. Harris, J. Chemosphere, 36(10), 2149-2173(1998).
  10. C. Lambert, M. Larroque, J. Chromatogr Sci. 35(2), 57-62(1997).
  11. US EPA, 'Removal of endocrine disrupting compounds using drinking water treatment processes'. 20. EPA/625/R-00/015, Washington, DC, U.S.A., 2001.
  12. Y. Ohko, I. Ando, C. Niwa, T. Tatsuma, T. Yamamura, T. Nakashima, Y. Kubota, A. Fujishima, Environ Sci Technol., 35(11), 2365-2368(2001).
  13. Proposal from the Commission Com. 17 final. 2000/0035(COD), Brussels, 16. 01. 2001.
  14. M. K. Holger, B. Karlheinz, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 3201-3206(2001).
  15. G. A. Junk, H. J. Svce, R. D. Vick and M. J. Avery, Environ. Sci. Technol., 8(13), 1100-1106(1974).
  16. Waters Co, 'Oasis sample extraction products: Environ-mental and agrochemical applications notebooks' Rev 2, U.S.A., 2001.
  17. K. Kinnberg, B. Korsgaard, P. Bjerregaard, A. Jespersen, J. Exp. Biol., 203(Pt 2), 171-181(2000).
  18. Environmetal Data Services, 'Public exposed to oestrogen risks from food cans', 246, 3. ENDS Rep., 1995.
  19. P. L. Ferguson, C. R. Iden and B. J. Brownawell, Anal. Chem., 72(18), 4322-4330(2000).
  20. P. G. Kim, E. A. Kwon, and S. H. Hwang, Kor. J. Evn. Hlth. Soc., 26(1), 107-113(2000).
  21. L. Ren, S. K. Lewis, J. J. Lech, Chem. Biol. Interact. 100(1), 67-76(1996).
  22. J. K. Fawell and J. K. Chipman, J. Chart Inst. Water Environ. Mange., 15, 92(2001).
  23. T. Colborn, F. S. vom Saal, A. M. Soto, Environ. Health. Perspect., 101, 378-384(1993).
  24. M. Petrovic, A. Diaz, F. Ventura and D. Barcelo, Anal. Chem., 73(24), 5886-5895(2001).
  25. S. Jobling, T. Reynolds, R. White, M. G. Parker, J. P. Sumpter, Environ. Health Perspect., 103(6), 582-587(1995).
  26. T. Colborn, C. Clement, 'Chemically-induced alterations in sexual and functional development', Ed., Preiceton, NJ : Princeton Scientific Publishin. 1992.
  27. T. Tanaka, H. Kohno, M. Tanino, Y. Yanaida, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 52(1), 38-45(2002).
  28. D. Y. Shang, M. G. Ikonomou, J. Chromatogr. A., 849(2), 467-482(1999).