A Study of the Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Cellular Proliferation and Differentiation of Osteoblast Cell Line

혈소판농축혈장이 조골세포주의 세포증식 및 분화에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구

  • Jung, Tae-Wook (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jang, Kyung-Soo (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Whe (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Yung-Soo (Department of Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Seoul National University)
  • 정태욱 (서울대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 장경수 (서울대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 김창회 (서울대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 김영수 (서울대학교 치과대학 보철학교실)
  • Published : 2004.06.30

Abstract

The osseointegration in implant therapy is achieved following general wound healing mechanism. Platelet play a major role in wound healing process. In addition to blood clot formation, they secrete many growth factors which regulate the attachment, proliferation and differentiation of nearly all cell types. The use of these growth factors is now known to be very effective methods to improve the cellular activity. Platelet-rich plasma which is made with the newly developed technique concentrating platelets 3-folds or more is also proven to be very effective method to stimulate and accelerate the healing of bone and soft tissue. Previous study proved that platelet-rich plasma enhanced the cellular attachment by inducing fibronectin, vitronectin from osteoblast. So, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of platelet-rich plasma on the cellular proliferation and differentiation in vitro. The effect on the proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay. To evaluate autocrine and paracrine effect, conditioned medium was made and compared. By measuring alkaline phosphatase activity, the effect on the cellular differentiation was evaluated. The results were as following: The cellular proliferation of osteoblast cell line increased depending on the concentration of platelet-rich plasma and conditioned medium. The alkaline phosphatase activity increased depending on the concentration of platelet-rich plasma and conditioned medium. These findings imply that platelet-rich plasma enhance the cellular proliferation and differentiation and maximize the cellular activity by using the autocrine and paracrine effect.