Toxicity of Pesticides to Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis Poppius (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), a Predator of Thrips

총채벌레의 천적인 으뜸애꽃노린재에 대한 농약 독성

  • Ahn Ki-Su (Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Service) ;
  • Lee Ki-Yeol (Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Service) ;
  • Kang Hyu-Jung (Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Service) ;
  • Park Sung-Kyu (Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Service) ;
  • Kim Gil-Hah (Dept. of Plant Medicine. Chungbuk National University)
  • 안기수 (충북농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 이기열 (충북농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 강효중 (충북농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 박성규 (충북농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농과대학 식물의학과)
  • Published : 2004.09.01

Abstract

Toxicities of 51 pesticides (25 insecticides, 11, acaricides, 11 fungicides and 4 adjuvants) commonly used to control greenhouse insect, mite, and disease pests were evaluated to minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis nymphs and adults at the recommended concentration. Among 25 insecticides tested, fipronil, lufenuron, acetamiprid+fipronil, $\alpha$-cypermethrin+flufenoxuron and buprofezin + amitraz showed low toxicity to O. strigicollis. Among acaricides, acequinocyl, bifenazate, chlorfenapyr, etoxazole, fenpyroximate, flufenoxuron, milbemectin, spirodiclofen and tebufenpyrad showed low toxicity to O. strigicollis. All fungicides and adjuvants tested were very low toxicity. It may be suggested from these results that five insecticides, nine acaricides, eleven fungicides and four adjuvants could be incorporated into the integrated thrips management system with O. strigicollis in greenhouses.

References

  1. Cho, K., K.B. Uhm and J.O. Lee. 1999. Effect of test leaf and temperature on mortality of Frankliniella occidentalis in leaf dip bioassay of insecticides. J. Asia-Pacific Entomol. 2: 69-75 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1226-8615(08)60033-3
  2. Kakimoto, K., .N.Ninomoto and T. Noda. 2003. Responses of three Orius species collected in Kagoshima to different rearing temperatures and photoperiods. Jpn.J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 47: 19-28 https://doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.2003.19
  3. Kim, J.H., Y.H. Kim, M.W. Han, G.S. Lee and J.O. Lee. 1999. Effect of temperature on the development and oviposition of minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 38: 29-33
  4. Lattin, J.D. 1999. Bionomics of the anthocoridae. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 44: 207-231 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.44.1.207
  5. Ahn, K.S., S.Y. Lee, K.Y. Lee, Y.S. Lee and G.H. Kim. 2004. Selective toxicity of pesticides to the predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis and control effects of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae by predatory mite and pesticide mixture on rose. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 43: 71-79
  6. Kim, J.H., G.S. Lee, Y.H. Kim and J.K. Yoo. 2001. Species composition of Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Antho-coridae) and their seasonal occurrence on several plants in Korea. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 40: 211-217
  7. Malais, M. and W.J. Revensberg. 1992. The biology of glasshouse pest and their natural enemies. Koppert: pp. 45-48
  8. Zhao, G., W. Liu, J.M. Brown, and C.O. Knowles. 1995. Insecticide resistance in field and laboratory strains of western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 88: 1164-1170
  9. Immaraju, J.A., T.D. Paine, J.A. Bethke, K.L. Robb and J.P. Newman. 1992. Western flower thrips (Thysanoptera Thripidae) resistance to insecticides in coastal California greenhouses. J. Econ. Entomol. 85: 9-14
  10. Horowitz, A.R., Z. Mendelson, P.G. Weintraub and I. Ishaaya. 1998. Comparative toxicity of foliar and systemic applications of acetamiprid and imidacloprid against the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Bull. Entomol. Res. 88: 437-442 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300042176
  11. Song, J.H., S.H. Kang, S.E. Lim, S.W. Hyun and S.K. Jeong. 1997. The collection of Orius spp. and their characteristic occurrence in an open-field of eggplant in Cheju. RDA. J. Crop Protection 39: 43-47
  12. Lee, G.H., M.Y. Choi and D.H. Kim. 1997. Effect of pesticides on predator, Orius sauteri Poppius (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). RDA. J. Crop. Protec. 39: 61-66
  13. Yu, J.S., J.I. Kim and G.H. Kim. 2002. Insecticide susceptibilities of rose field-collected populations of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis in Korea. Kor. J. Pest. Sci. 6: 80-86
  14. Kim, J.H., M.W. Han, G.H. Lee, Y.H. Kim, J.O. Lee and C.J. In.1997. Development and oviposItion of Orius strigicollis (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) reared on three different insect preys. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 36: 166-171
  15. Song, J.H., S.N. Kim, K.S. Lee and W.T. Han. 2002. Analysis of spatial coincidence of thrips and Orius sauteri on greenhouse eggplants. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 41: 27-32
  16. Song, J.H., S.H. Kang, K.H. Lee and W.T. Han. 2001. Effects of minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on control of thrips on hot pepper in greenhouse. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 40: 253-258
  17. SAS Institute. 1991. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Ststistics, version 6.04. SAS Institute, Cary, N.C., U.S.A.
  18. Yasunaga, T. 1993. A Taxonomic study on the subgenus Heterorius Wagner of the genus Orius Wolff from Japan (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Jpn. J. Ent. 61: 11-22
  19. Ohno, K., H. Takemoto, K. Kawano and K. Hayashi. 1995. Effectiveness of integrated pest control program for Thrips palmi Kamy on eggplants; a case study in a commercial field. Bull. Fukuoka Agric. Res. Cent. 14: 104-109
  20. Brodsgaard, H.F. 1994. Insecticide resistance in European and African strains of western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) tested in a new residue-on-glass test. J. Econ. Entomol. 87: 1141-1146
  21. Paik, C.H. 2001. Ecological characteristics of F. occidentalis Pergande (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on horticultural crops and its predator, O. sauteri Poppius (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae). PhD Thesis, Chonbuk National University. Republic of Korea