A Case-Control, Restrospective Study on Tsutsugamushi Disease Occurred in Gyeongju and Pohang Provinces, Korea

경주 및 포항 지역에서 발생한 쯔쯔가무시병에 관한 연구 - 항체 유무를 중심으로 -

  • Beak, Seol-Hyang (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Dongguk University)
  • 백설향 (동국대학교 의과대학 간호학과)
  • Published : 2004.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: Tsutsugamushi disease is one of the most significant acute febrile illnesses, increasing in frequency of occurrence during the late autumn in rural areas of Korea. Methods: I have conducted a case-control study on 30 cases who had the fever as a chief complaint, then had been ruled out as having the Tsutsugamushi disease. Data was collected retrospectively by review of chart regarding their general characteristics, clinical and laboratory findings, then was analysed by chi-test. Results: Of 30 cases, 16 cases were seropositive and 14 cases were seronegative against O. tsutsugamushi. Of seropositive for tsutsugamushi disease, 56.3% were female; 37.5% were in their seventies; 50.0% were farmers; 62,6% had chances of exposure to fields or mountains. And 75.0% occurred in November. The main symptoms and signs were fever and chill(100.0%), headache(75.0%). weakness and fatigue(93.8%), and eschar(68.8%). The characteristic laboratory findings were elevated AST(50.0%), ALT(62.5%), and abnormal urinalysis(56.3%). On the other hand, of seronegative cases, 57.1% were male; 50.0% were in their fifties; 42.9% were farmers; 57.2% had chances of exposure to fields or mountains. And 71.4% occurred in November. The symptoms and signs were fever and chill(100.0%), headache(85.7%), eschar(64.3%). weakness, fatigue and skin(57.1%). The laboratory findings were elevated AST(71.4%) and ALT(64.3%), and abnormal urinalysis(42.9%). However, there were no significant differences between the seropositive and seronegative cases(P>.05). Conclusions: Acute febrile community inhabitants who have the epidemiological, clinical as well as laboratory features should be focused upon for the early diagnosis and treatment for tsutsugamushi disease whether or not possessing the serological antibody against O. tsutsugamushi.

Keywords

Tsutsugamushi disease;Scrub typhus;Epidemiology

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동국대학교