Knowledge and Consciousness on Environment and Eco-friendly Behavior related to dietary life of Middle School Students

중학생의 식생활 관련 환경지식과 환경의식 및 환경친화적 식생활행동

  • Lee Ok Soon (Dept. Home Economics Education, Korea National University of Education) ;
  • Kim Youngnam (Dept. Home Economics Education, Korea National University of Education)
  • 이옥순 (한국교원대학교 가정교육과) ;
  • 김영남 (한국교원대학교 가정교육과)
  • Published : 2005.06.01


In this study, environmental knowledge and consciousness and eco-friendly behavior related to dietary life of middle school students were examined. Male and female students in Gyeongsan and Daegu Metropolitan City were selected for the study. Total of 490 questionnaires were delivered and collected, and 445 of them were analyzed by using SPSS Win Ver 12.0. Percentages of students who checked' don't know the answer' in 20 environmental knowledge assessment questions were $14.4\~41.8\%$, and those who gave correct answer to these responded to how the answer were $40.1\~93.3\%$. The average score of environmental consciousness was 3.45 and that of eco-friendly dietary behavior was 2.9 out of 5. When dietary behavior was divided by three categories, such as food purchasing, eating. and dish washing, the score of food purchasing behavior was 2.7, those of eating behavior and dish washing behavior were 3.0, 3.1, respectively. In the relationship between environmental knowledge. consciousness. and eco-friendly dietary behavior, there was significant positive correlation between howledge and consciousness, but no significant relation between consciousness and behavior. It showed that environmental knowledge and consciousness didn't always lead to eco-friendly dietary behavior. Therefore, education for practical betlavior must be emphasized even though the knowledge and consciousness education on environment are important.