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감마선 조사된 율무종자의 세포독성 및 다제내성 극복활성

Cytotoxicity and Multidrug -Resistance Reversing Activity of Extracts from Gamma-Irradiated Coix Zachryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen Stapf Seed

  • 차영주 (동신대학교 산업용가속기이용생물연구센터) ;
  • 이숙영 (동신대학교 산업용가속기이용생물연구센터)
  • Cha, Young-Ju (Biology Research Center of industrial Accelerators, Dongshin University) ;
  • Lee, Sook-Young (Biology Research Center of industrial Accelerators, Dongshin University)
  • 발행 : 2005.06.01

초록

율무종자에 0, 1, 4, 8, 16, 32 및 64 Gy 선량의 감마선을 조사한 후 메탄을 추출하였으며 조사 종자 추출물이 인체의 유방암세포주(MCF-7), 폐암세포주(Calu-6), 위암세포주(SNU-601), 그리고 인체 급성골수성백혈암세포주(AML-2/WT)에 대한 세포독성 및 다제내성세포주(AML-2/D100)에 대한 다제내성 극복활성에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 MTT 방법을 이용하여 분석하였다. 감마선 조사한 율무종자의 추출물은 대조구보다 비교적 낮은 농도에서 암세포 증식 저해 활성을 나타내는 경향을 보였으며 그 활성은 암세포 주와 조사선량별 추출물에 따라 다르게 나타났다. Calu-6의 경우 4, 8 및 16 Gy 추출물에서 암세포 증식 억제 효과를 나타냄을 알 수 있었으며 MCF-7에서 는 유일하게 8 Gy 추출물에서 $IC_{50}$값을 측정할 수 있었다. 그리고 SNU-601의 경우는 Calu-6에서와 같이 4, 8 및 16 Gy 추출물에서 증식저해 활성을 관찰할 수 있었으나 그 활성은 대조구인 0 Gy 추출물 보다 약간 높은 농도에서 관찰되었다. 한편, 선량이 높을수록 즉, 32 Gy 이상 감마선 조사는 암세포 증식억제 활성을 거의 나타내지 않았다. 유의할 만한 결과로는 8 Gy추출물이 3가지 암세포$(Calu-6:\;633\;{\mu}g/mL,\;MCF-7:\;653\;{\mu}g/mL,\;SNU-601:\;683\;{\mu}g/mL)$ 모두에서 증식 억제 활성을 나타냈다. 다제내성 세포에 대한 감수성 세포의 세포독성도를 측정하여 선택독성을 관찰한 결과 4,8 및 16 Gy추출물들은 오히려 감수성 세포에 대한 세포독성이 높게 나타나 교차내성을 나타내지 않았다. 그러나 다제내성 세포에 대하여 항암제인 vincristine과 함께 추출물을 처리한 결과 내성극복도(RF)가 4, 8 및 16 Gy 추출물에서 각각 1.7, 1.8 및 1.6으로서 다제내성 조절 활성을 관찰할 수 있었다. 따라서 감마선 조사기술은 약용식물 종자의 생리활성 증진에 활용 가능성이 매우 높을 것으로 기대된다.

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