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Effects of Service Leadership on Job Satisfaction in Family Restaurant

외식산업에 있어서 서비스 리더십이 직무만족에 미치는 영향 - 패밀리레스토랑을 중심으로 -

  • Jung, Hyun-Young (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Yonsei University) ;
  • Yang, Il-Sun (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Ah (Dept. of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Kyungnam University)
  • 정현영 (연세대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 양일선 (연세대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김현아 (경남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

The purposes of this study were 1) to analyze the preference of leadership style among ${\lceil}$Transformational leadership$\rfloor$ and ${\lceil}$Service leadership$\rfloor$, 2) to examine the differences of the job satisfaction between the high level of service leadership group and low level of the service leadership group and 3) to testify the hypothesis that the service leadership and its 4 elements (belief, attitude, ability, insight) affect the job satisfaction. The questionnaires were developed to measure the service leadership, the preference of leadership style (transfer-mational leadership and service leadership) and Job satisfaction. The surveys were distributed to 120 managers and employees in the family restaurant in Korea, and 104 questionnaires were responded (response rate: $86.7\%$). The SPSS 12.0 package program was used to conduct the descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, t-test and multiple regression analysis. The result of leadership style preference showed the followers preferred the service leadership $(75.0\%)$ to the transformational leadership $(25.0\%)$. Comparing the job satisfaction of high level of service leadership group and that of low level of service leadership group, the job satisfaction of high level of service leadership group was significantly (p<0.001) higher than that of low level of service leadership group (high level of service leadership group: 4.03, low service leadership group: 3.27, measured on a 5-point likert scale). All three factors of job satisfaction (human factor, service system and company image) in high level of leadership group were significantly (p<0.001) higher than those of lower level of service leadership group. The result of multiple regression analysis presented that the service leadership and it's 4 elements (concept, mind, skill, insight) have significant (p=0.000) effects on the job satisfaction. As a conclusion, we examined theoretical framework of service leadership model and testified the applicability in the field of family restaurants. But the service leadership was the new conceptual theory, so there should be the more empirical studies on managers and employees in the service industry.

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