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Assessment of Sensory and Safety Evaluation of Cook/Chill Pajeon

Cook-chill 파전의 관능성 및 안전성 평가

  • Lyu, Eun-Soon (Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Jeong, Dong-Kwan (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Kosin University)
  • 류은순 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 정동관 (고신대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to compare the effect of several reheating treatments (heating in the frying pan, convection oven and microwave oven) on sensory characteristics and to evaluate the safety during storage period of cook/chill Pajeon. The sensory evaluations were made on 5 sensory attributes by a 9-member panel using quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA). The fresh cooked Pajeon and the Pajeon reheated in the frying pan obtained a significantly (p<0.01) higher score in taste than the ones reheated in a convection oven and microwave oven. The reheated cook/chill Pajeon had a significantly (p<0.01) lower score in flavor than the freshed cooked one. Regardless of the reheating methods, sensory scores in texture of the Pajeon reheated at $v$ for 1 day were not different from that of fresh cooked one. However, the scores of the reheated ones in a convection oven and in a microwave oven decreased with storage time up to 5 days at $3^{\circ}C$. On the other hand, the Pajeon reheated in the frying pan, even after 3 days' storage at $3^{\circ}C$, was not found to be inferior to the freshed cook one in every quality attributes except flavor. Therefore, the reheating treatment in frying pan may be superior to those in a convection oven and a microwave oven. The safety of Pajeon was also evaluated by measuring total count, coliform count, psychrotrophic count, acid value and peroxide value during 5 days of storage periods at $4^{\circ}C$. Total counts of Pajeon was ranged from not detectable to $5.2\times10^2$ CFU/g. The coliform and psychrotroph were not detected at all experiments. The acid values were ranged from 1.90 to 4.03 mg of KOH/g of fat until 5 days at $4^{\circ}C$. And the peroxide values were ranged from 3.63 to 12.50 meq of peroxide/kg of fat until 5 days of storage period. Therefore, these results demonstrated that Pajeon is microbiologically and chemically safe during 5 days of storage period at refligeration temperature.

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