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OKAYAMA PLANET SEARCH PROGRAM

  • SATO BUN'EI (Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kobe University)
  • Published : 2005.06.01

Abstract

We have carried out a precise Doppler survey of G-type giants aiming to unveil the properties of planetary systems in intermediate-mass stars ($1.5-5M_{\bigodot}$). G-type giants are promising targets for Doppler planet searches around massive stars, because they are slow-rotators and have many sharp absorption lines in their spectra and their surface activities are relatively low in contrast to their younger counterparts on the main-sequence (B-A stars). We are now monitoring radial velocities of about 300 late G-type (including early K-type) giants using HIgh Dispersion Echelle Spectrograph (HIDES) at Okayama Astrophysical Observatory. We have achieved a Doppler precision of about 6-7 m/s over a time span of 3 years using an iodine absorption cell. We found that most of the targets have radial velocity scatters of ${\sigma}{\~} 10-20 m\;s^{-1}$ over 1-3 years, with the most stable reaching levels of 6-8 m $s^{-1}$. Up to now, we have succeeded in discovering the first extrasolar planet around a G-type giant star HD 104985, and also found several candidates showing significant radial velocity variations, suggesting the existence of stellar and substellar companions. Observations have continued to establish their variability.

Keywords

stars: late-type;stars: planetary systems;techniques: radial velocities

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