A Study on the Altitude Restrictions of Obstructions outside Airport Obstacle Limitation Surfaces of Korea

한국의 비행장 장애물 제한구역 밖의 장애물이 항공안전에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • 양한모 (한국항공대학교 항공교통물류학부) ;
  • 김병종 (한국항공대학교 항공교통물류학부) ;
  • 김도현 (한서대학교 항공교통관리학과)
  • Published : 2005.10.31

Abstract

The effective utilization of an airport is considerably influenced by natural features and man-made structures inside and outside its boundary. These obstacles affect the airspace available for approaches and departures and the weather minima which dictates the necessary weather conditions for aircraft to be allowed to take-off or land. Certain areas of the airspace near airports must be regarded as the integral parts of the airport system. The availability of the required airspace is as important as are the runway and their associated strips to the safe and efficient use of the airport. For these reasons, ICAO and the member states have established the standards regarding the obstacle limitation surfaces and regulated the construction of the man-made structures in and beyond the surfaces. Existing objects that extend above a obstacle limitation surfaces should as for as practicable be removed except when, in the opinion of the appropriate authority, an objects is shielded an existing immovable objects, or after aeronautical study it is determined that the object would not adversely affect the safety or significantly affect the regularity of operations of airplanes. However, Korea's aviation law does not specified the outer horizontal surface in the obstacle limitation surfaces, while ICAO and most member states do. The absence of the outer horizontal surface regulation has created legal disputes between regulating agencies and private parties. The case study in this paper found that a skyscraper planned beyond Korea's obstacle limitation surfaces does affect the flight safety and the efficient use of an airport. Therefore, in areas beyond the obstacle limitation surfaces. those objects which extend to a height of 150m or more above ground elevation should be regarded as obstacle, unless a special aeronautical study indicates that they do not constitute a hazard to airplanes. We proposed low alternative regulatory schemes for resolving the issues raised in this paper, and we recommended to adopt ICAO's standards and recommended practices.

References

  1. 건교부(2003. 12). '항공법'
  2. 건교부(2004. 6), '항공법 시행령'
  3. 건교부(2005. 3), '항공법 시행규칙'
  4. 건교부(2005), '항공정보간행물'
  5. 국방부(2004. 1), '군용항공기지법'
  6. 국방부(2005. 3), '군용항공기지법 시행령'
  7. 국방부(1998. 3). '군용항공기지법'
  8. 교통개발연구원(2004), '공항규모별 표준화 설계 기준 수립을 위한 연구보고서', pp.115-150
  9. 김병종 . 양한모(2000), '공항 및 공역관리 제도 개선에 관한 연구'. 항공우주법학회지, 제12호, (Vol.12), pp.246-274
  10. 양한모 . 김병종(2001), '한국의 항공로 설계의 법적 근거에 관한 연구'. 한국항공운항학회 논문집, 제9권 제1호, pp.31-44
  11. 양한모(2002), '차폐이론의 적용에 관한 연구'. 대한교통학회지, 제20권 제5호, 대한교통학회, pp.55-64
  12. 양한모 . 유광의(2003), '비행안전에 영향을 미치는 공역설계기준의 적용에 관한 연구'. 대한교통학회지, 제21권 제1호, 대한교통학회, pp.7-19
  13. 이강석(2005), '항공장애물관리규정 개선을 위한 연구'. 대한교통학회지, 제23권 제3호, 대한교통학회, pp.21-34
  14. 日本 國土交通省(2004), '航空法'
  15. CM(2001), 'CAP 168 Licensing of Aerodromes'
  16. CM(2003), 'CAP 738 Safeguarding of Aerodromes'
  17. EUROCONTROL(2003), 'Air Traffic Flow Management Users Manual'
  18. FAA(2000), 'A Preliminary Design Process for Airspace Systems'
  19. FM(1999), 'Airspace Management Handbook'
  20. FM(2004). '14 CFR Part 77.13, 15.23, 27. 28'
  21. FM(1999), 'National Airspace System Architecture Version 4.0'
  22. FM(2003), 'Procedures for Handling Airspace Matters'
  23. FM(2005), 'Terminal Instrument Procedures' (FAA Order 8260.3B)
  24. ICAO(2004), 'Air Tric Services Planning Manual'(Doc 9426-AN/924)
  25. ICAO(2004). 'ANNEX 14'(Aerodrome)
  26. ICAO(2004), 'Aircraft Operations'. (Doc. 8168-OPS/611 Volume II)
  27. ICAO(2004), 'Airport Service Manual Part 6'. (Doc. 9137-AN/898)
  28. ICAO(2001), 'Air Traffic Management'