Analysis of Chemical Composition of Bulro Kugi (Lycium chinense Mill) Fruit, Leaf, and Root

불로 구기의 부위별 화학적 성분분석

  • Published : 2005.04.30

Abstract

Chemical and flavor components of Bulro Kugi (Lycium chinense Mill) fruit leaf, and root were compared. Fructose and glucose were detected in fruit and leaf, and sucrose in root, respectively. Citrate was the highest among organic acids in fruits, and malate in leaf and root Capsaicin was detected in leaf and root. Volatile flavor compounds were extracted by simultaneous distillation and extraction method using Likens and Nickerson's extraction apparatus. Concentrated flavor extract was analysed, and 128 compounds, including 22 acids 15 alcohols, 12 aldehydes, 8 esters, 10 furans, 26 hydrocarbons, 4 phenols, 2 pyrroles, 1 pyrazine, and 28 miscellaneous components. were identified by GC and GC-MS. Main volatile compounds were hexadecanoic acid and 2-furancarboxaldehyde in hot-air dried fruit, hexadecanoic acid and 1-hexadecene in fresh fruit, 3, 7, 11, 15-tetranethyl-2-hexadecan-1-ol and hexadecanoir acid in leaf, and hexadecanoic acid in root.

Keywords

Bulro Lycium chinense Mill;chemical composition;organic acid;flavor compound

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