Fermentation Characteristics of Low Salted Kochujang Prepared with Mixture of Sub-materials

부원료를 혼합 첨가한 저식염 고추장의 발효 특성

  • Published : 2005.06.30

Abstract

To reduce saft content of kochujang, various combinations of sub-materials such as ethanol mustard and chitosan were added to kochujang, and their effects on microbial characteristics, enzyme activities, and physicochemical characteristics of kochujang were investigated after 12 weeks of fermentation. Activities of ${\beta}$-amylase and pretense were low in ethanol-mustard-chitosan-added kochujang, whereas no significant difference was observed in ${\alpha$-amylase activity among all groups. Number of viable yeast cells decreased remarkably in mustard-added kochujang during late aging period, and anaerobic bacterial counts decreased in sub-material-added groups. Consistency of kochujang increased by addition of sub-materials, and oxidation-reduction potential was low in chitosan-added group. Mustard-chitosan-added kochujang showed lowest increase in total color difference(${\Dalta}E$) and decrease in water activity. PH of kochujang wns highest in mustard-chitosan-added kochujang, resulting in significantly increased titratable acidity. Addition of sub-material increased reducing sugar contents of kochujang, whereas ethanol production was significantly repressed in mustard-chitosan-added kochujang. Amino nitrogen content was Highest in mustard-chitosan-added kochujang during late aging period, whereas ammonia nitrogen content was lower in ethanol-mustard-added kochujang. Results of sensory evaluation indicated ethanol-mustard-added kochujang was more acceptable than other groups in taste and overall acceptability.

Keywords

low salted kochujang;sub-materials;physicochemical properties

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