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Effect of Far-Infrared Irradiation and Heat Treatment on the Antioxidant Activity of Extracts from Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Shell

땅콩껍질 추출물의 항산화능에 대한 원적외선과 열처리 효과

  • Rim, A-Ram (Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Jung, Eun-Sil (Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Jo, Seong-Chun (Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Cheol (Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University)
  • 임아람 (경남대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 정은실 (경남대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 조성춘 (경남대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 이승철 (경남대학교 식품생명공학부)
  • Published : 2005.08.01

Abstract

The effects of far-infrared (FIR) irradiation and heat treatment on the antioxidant activity of extracts from peanut shells was evaluated. Peanut shells were placed in pyrex petri dishes (8.0cm diameter) and irradiated at $150^{\circ}C$ for 5, 10, 15, 20, 40 or 60min with a FIR heater. After FIR irradiation or simple heat treatment at same conditions, methanol extracts of peanut shells were prepared and total phenol contents (TPC), radical scavenging activities (RSA) and reducing powers of the extracts were determined. The antioxidant activities of the extracts increased as the time of heating or FIR-irradiation increased. When peanut shells were FIR­irradiated at $150^{\circ}C$ for 5 min, the values of TPC, RSA, and reducing power of the extracts increased from 40.17mg/mL to 42.30mg/mL, $67.7\%\;to\;76.3\%$, and 0.569 to 0.639, respectively, compared to the untreated controls. Simple heat treatment of peanut shell under the same conditions $(150^{\circ}C\;for\;5min)$ also increased the TPC, RSA, and reducing power of the extracts from 40.17mg/mL to 43.52mg/mL, 67.7\%\;to\;79.3\%$ and from 0.569 to 0.623, respectively. The results indicate that appropriate FIR-irradiation or heat treatment on peanut shells could increase the antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts.

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  1. Recent Trends and Developments in Infrared Heating in Food Processing vol.52, pp.9, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2010.508138