Safening Activity of Optically Active ${\alpha}$-Methylbenzylphenylurea toward Bensulfuron-methyl and Pyribenzoxim Injury to Rice

광학활성 ${\alpha}$-Methylbenzylphenylurea 유도체의 bensulfuron-methyl과 pyribenzoxim의 벼에 대한 약해경감효과

  • Ryoo, Jae-Hwan (The Center for EM Research & Development, Jeonju University)
  • 유재환 (전주대학교 EM연구개발단)
  • Published : 2005.06.30


Safening activities of optically active ${\alpha}$-methylbenzylphenylureas on crop injury of rice (Oryza sativa L., cv. Tsukinohikari, japonica) caused by bensulfuron-methyl (methyl 2-[[[[[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]methyl]benzoate) and pyribenzoxim (benzophenone o-[2,6-bis[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)oxy]benzoyl]oxime) were investigated. Some derivatives of the optically active compounds exhibited strong safening activity against growth inhibition of rice by bensulfuron-methyl. Out of the derivatives tested, (S)-2,3-diCl and (S)-2-F-4-Me derivatives showed greater relieving activity than that of dymuron. In addition, the stress relieving activity was also obtained when they were applied at 4 days after bensulfuron-methyl treatment. On the other hand, crop injury caused by pyribenzoxim was relieved by about 95% with (S)-2-F-4-Me derivative in shoots and roots of rice seedlings.

광학활성 1-${\alpha}$-methylbenzylphenylurea 유도체의 bensulfuron-methyl, pyribenzoxim에 대한 약해경감효과를 조사하였다. 대부분의 유도체가 담수토양처리시험에서도 제초제 bensulfuron-methyl에 의한 벼의 근부신장 저해에 대하여 높은 약해경감효과를 나타내었다. 특히, S-이성체의 2,3-diCl 치환체와 2-F-4-Me 치환체는 dymuron 보다 4배 높은 약해경감효과를 나타내었으며 두 치환체들은 동시 혼합처리뿐만 아니라 4일 후의 지연처리에서도 bensulfuron-methyl의 약해를 효과적으로 경감하였다. S-이성체의 2-F-4-Me치환체는 벤조산계 제초제 pyribenzoxim에 대해서도 지상부, 근부 모두 95%의 높은 약해경감효과를 나타내었다.



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