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Effect of Cobalt Oxide on Carbothermal Reduction of Spray Dried Titanium-Cobalt-Oxygen Based Oxide Powder

분무건조법에 의해 제조된 Ti-Co-O계 산화물 분말의 환원/침탄반응에 미치는 코발트 산화물의 영향

  • Lee, Gil-Geun (Division of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Chan-Young (Nanotech Corporation Ltd.)
  • 이길근 (부경대학교 공과대학 신소재공학부) ;
  • 김찬영 ((주)나노테크)
  • Published : 2005.10.01

Abstract

In the present study, the focus is on the effect of cobalt oxide powder in the carbothermal reduction of the titanium-cobalt-oxygen based oxide powder by solid carbon for the optimizing synthesis process of ultra fine TiC/Co composite powder. The titanium-cobalt-oxygen based oxide powder was prepared by the combination of the spray drying and desalting processes using the titanium dioxide powder and cobalt nitrate as the raw materials. The titanium-cobalt-oxygen based oxide powder was mixed with carbon black, and then this mixture was carbothermally reduced under flowing argon atmosphere. Changes in the phase structure and thermal gravity of the mixture during carbothermal reduction were analysed using XRD and TGA. Titanium-cobalt-oxygen based oxide powder desalted at $600^{\circ}C$ had a mixture of $TiO_2\;and\;Co_{3}O_4$. And the one desalted at $800^{\circ}C$ had a mixture of $TiO_2\;and\;CoTiO_3$. In the case of the former powder, the reduction of cobalt oxide powder in the titanium-cobalt-oxygen based oxide powder occurred at lower temperature than the latter one. However, the carbothermal reduction of titanium dioxide powder in the titanium-cobalt-oxygen based oxide powder with a mixture of $TiO_2\;and\;Co_{3}O_4$ occurred at higher temperature than the one with a mixture of $TiO_2\;and\;CoTiO_3$. And also, the former powder showed a lower TiC formation ability than the latter one.

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