Evaluation of sampling and analytical method for emission experiment of pollutants in building materials using small chamber

소형챔버를 이용한 건축자재 오염물질 방출시험방법 평가

  • Received : 2005.06.09
  • Accepted : 2005.06.24
  • Published : 2005.08.25


This study was carried out to evaluate the performance of a small chamber sampling and analytical method for the measurement of total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) and formaldehyde (HCHO) emission from building materials. While VOC was determined by the adsorbent tube sampling and sequential thermal desorption coupled with GC/MSD analysis, formaldehyde sampled with DNPH-silica cartridge was analyzed by HPLC. Wide-range performance criteria such as repeatability, desorption efficiency, emission chamber recovery test, duplicate precision, breakthrough volume and method detection limits were investigated for the evaluation of small chamber method. The overall precision of the small chamber sampling and analytical methods was estimated within 20~30% for target compounds. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the small chamber sampling and analytical method can be reliably applied for the measurement of building materials pollutants.


TVOC;HCHO;building material;small chamber method;performance criteria


  1. J. Zhang, He. Qingc1 and PJ. Lioy, Environ. Sci. Technol., 28, 146-152(1994) https://doi.org/10.1021/es00050a003
  2. US EPA, 'Compendium of methods TO-17 determination of toxic organic compounds in ambient air', 2nd Ed., EPA U.S.A. 1-51(1997)
  3. 백성옥, 김미현, 김수현, 박상곤, 환경독성학회지, 17(2), 95-107(2002)
  4. US EPA, 'Definition and procedure for the determination of the method detection limit, Code of Federal Regulations', Part 136, Appendix B, 1-537 (1990)
  5. J. A. Glaser, D. L. Forest, G. D. McKee, S. A. Quave and W. L. Budd, Environ. Sci. Technol., 15, 1426-1435( 1981) https://doi.org/10.1021/es00094a002
  6. ECA, European Comission, 'Guideline for the Characterization of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted from Indoor Materials and Products Using Small Test Chambers. Report No.8', (1991)
  7. E. Woolfenden, Journal of Air & Waste Management Association, 47, 20-36(1997)
  8. ASTM D 5116-97, 'Standard Guide for Small-Scale Environmental Chamber Determinations of Organic Emissions from Indoor Materials/Products', (1997)
  9. WHO, WHO European Series NO 23, Copenhagen, Denmark (1987)
  10. 환경부, 환경부 고시 제 2004-80호, 실내공기질공정 시험방법, 160-175(2004)