Rejection Properties of Hydrophilic Solutes and Micro Organic Pollutants with a Hollow Fiber NF Membrane

중공사 나노여과 막분리를 이용한 친수성 용질과 미량 유기 오염물질의 배제 특성

  • Jung, Yong-Jun (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Min, Kyung-Sok (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2004.09.16
  • Accepted : 2005.01.28
  • Published : 2005.03.30

Abstract

There has been a growing interest in NF membrane for drinking water treatment, because it can remove simultaneously both hardness and hazardous micro pollutants such as pesticides and THM precursors. In this work, a hollow fiber NF membrane known as a composite membrane was employed for the rejection properties of both hydrophilic solutes and micro organic pollutants, where the former was used to evaluate the molecular sieving effect of this membrane and the latter was employed for the investigation of solute-membrane interaction as hydrophobic materials. This membrane effectively rejected the hydrophilic solutes and the permeation of them was mainly controlled by the molecular sieving effects such as molecular weight and molecular width. In the case of all micro organic pollutants, the rejections were varied from 42.2% for Simazine to 91.6% for Malathion, and the parameters related to the steric hindrance could significantly play an important role in the rejection. In the batch type adsorption experiments, all micro organic pollutants were entrapped mildly on the membrane in spite of lower degree compared with that of aromatic compounds, and they were correlated with log K.

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