Comparison the quantification method of PCBs in waste transformer oils

절연유 중 폴리염화비페닐류의 정량법 비교

  • Kim, Kyeo-Keun (Chongju University, Environmental Engineering Department)
  • 김교근 (청주대학교 이공대학 환경공학과)
  • Received : 20050140
  • Accepted : 2005.04.13
  • Published : 2005.06.25

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were commercially produced as complex mixtures beginning in 1929. The PCBs manufactured commercially are known by a variety of trade names including; Aroclor (USA), Phenoclor (France), Kaneclor (Japan), Sovol (USSR) and so on. PCBs are a class of 209 congeners that were widely used in a wide variety of applications, including dielectric fluid in transformers and large capacitors; heat transfer fluids; hydraulic fluids; lubricating and cutting oils; and as additives in pesticides, paints, adhesives, sealants, and plastics. The quantification methods of peak matching and coefficient comparison were compared using the Aroclor 1242, 1248, 1254, 1260 standards. Also, six transformer oils were analyzed as a main source of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) emission into the environment. The transformer oils contained the pure and mixed of Aroclor 1242, Aroclor 1254, and Aroclor 1260. The analytical results using two quantification methods showed the little difference between the measured results.

References

  1. Environmental Health Criteria 140, PCBs, WHO, 1993
  2. M. D. Erickon, Analytical Chemistry of PCBs, Lewis Publishers, New York, 1997
  3. V. den Berg, M. Birnbaum and A. Bosabel, Toxic equivalent factors(TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs for humans and wildlife, Environmental Health Perspectives, 106(12), 775-792(1998) https://doi.org/10.2307/3434121
  4. G. M. Frame, J. W. Cochran and S. S. Boewadt, Complete PCB congener distribution for 17 Aroclor mixtures determined by 3HRGC systems optimized for comprehensive, quantitative, congener-specific analysis, Journal of High Resolution Chromatography, 19, 657-668(1996) https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240191202
  5. S. K. Shin, T. S. Kim, S. K. Jang and M. S. Lee, Properties and analytical methods of PCBs in environments, The Korean Society of analytical Sciences, 16, 15A-27A(2004)
  6. US EPA, 1998, 1990 Emissions Inventory of Section 112 (c)(6) Pollutants: Final Report (http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/112c6/112c6fac.html)
  7. US EPA, 1999, Binational Toxic Strategy PCB Source & Regulations Background Report, US EPA
  8. 産業廢棄物處理事業振興財団, PCB處理技術ガイドブック, 1999
  9. UNEP Chemicals, 2000, Survey of urrently Available Non-Incineration PCB Destruction Technologies, UNEP
  10. Breivik K. et al., 2002, Toward a global historical emission inventory for selected PCB congeners - a mass balance approach 1. Global production and consumption. The Science of the Total Environment, 290, 181-198(2002) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(01)01075-0
  11. 환경부, 폐기물공정시험방법, 2004
  12. 日本環境測定分析協會, 産業廢棄物分析マニュアル, 1997
  13. 독일 DIN EN 61619 (VDE 0371 Teil 8), Verunreinigung durch PCBs, 1998
  14. 캐나다 EPS1/RM/31, Reference Method for the Analysis of PCBs, 1998
  15. 국립환경연구원, PCBs 함유폐기물의 적정관리 방안에 관한 연구, 2003