Elemental analysis by neutron induced nuclear reaction - Nuclear track method for the analysis of fissile materials

  • Ha, Yeong-Keong ;
  • Pyo, Hyung Yeol ;
  • Park, Yong Joon ;
  • Jee, Kwang Yong ;
  • Kim, Won Ho
  • Received : 2005.04.14
  • Accepted : 2005.06.17
  • Published : 2005.08.25

Abstract

Nuclear track is an useful tool for elemental analysis of radionuclides, such as uranium, plutonium and thorium, etc., and for elements undergoing nuclear reactions with thermal neutrons such as lithium and boron. This method has various application fields such as detecting fissionable radionuelides, measuring the fission rate in nuclear technology, analyzing cosmic radiation from meteorite, calculating the age of minerals as well as their history, etc. Track registration method has been applied to the microscopic analysis of boron and fissionable element such as uranium in KAERI. This report reviews the theoretical background of the nuclear track formation, practical procedures to obtain etched tracks and a perspective of the future.

Keywords

Fission track;alpha track;track detector;track etching

References

  1. J. N. Cooley, E. Kuhn and D. L. Donohue, Proceedings of IAEA symposium on Safeguards, October 13-17, Vienna, Austria, IAEA-SM-351/182 (1997)
  2. M. Magara, Y. Hanzawa, F. Esaka, Y. Miyamoto, K. Yasuda, K. Watanabe, S. Usuda, H. Nishimura and T. Adachi, Appl. Rad. Isotopes, 53, 87(2000) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-8043(00)00117-2
  3. P. B. Price and R. M. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett., 8, 217(1962) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.8.217
  4. R. L. Fleischer and P. B. Price, Geophys. Res., 69, 331(1964) https://doi.org/10.1029/JZ069i002p00331
  5. W. Enge, 17th International Conference on Nuclear Tracks in Solids, 1(1994)
  6. R. L. Fleischer, P. B. Price and R. M. Walker, J Appl. Phys., 36, 3645(1965) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1703059
  7. D. A. Young, Nature, 182, 375(1958) https://doi.org/10.1038/182375a0
  8. E. C. Silk and R. S. Barns, Phil. Mag., 4, 970(1959) https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435908238273
  9. W. Enge, Nucl. Tracks, 4(4), 283(1980)
  10. S-C. Shin and K-S. Park, Nucl. Tracks and Radiat. Meas., 16, 271(1989) https://doi.org/10.1016/1359-0189(89)90026-5
  11. H. A. Khan, N. A. Khan and R. Spohr, Nucl. Inst. Meth., 189, 577(1981) https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-554X(81)90445-6
  12. S. M. Sanders, '3rd International Conference on Nuclear Methods in Environmental and Energy Research', Conf-771072-1 (1977)
  13. Y. J. Park, H. Y. Pyo, B. C. Song and K. Y. Jee, Anal. Sci. Tech., 17(5), 434(2004)
  14. A. Chambaudet, R. Barillon, M. Fromm, M. Rebetez, D. Klein and A. Khalil, Radiat. Meas., 25(1-4), 487(1995) https://doi.org/10.1016/1350-4487(95)00136-3
  15. S. M. Sanders, Health Phys., 36, 371(1978)
  16. D. J. Rokop, D. W. Efurd, T. M. Benjamin, J. H. Cappis, J. W. Chamberlin, H. Poths and F. R. Roensch, J. Royal Soc. Western Australia, 79, 85(1996)
  17. R. L. Fleischer, P. B. Price and R. M. Walker, 'Nuclear tracks in Solids', University of California Press, 1975
  18. R. L. Fleischer, P. B. Price, R. M. Walker and E. L. Hubbard, Phys. Rev., 156, 353(1967) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.156.353
  19. E. V. Benton, 'A Study of Charged Particle Tracks in Cellulose Nitrate', USNRDL-TR-68-14, (1968)
  20. L. T. Chadderton, Radiat. Meas., 36, 13(2003) https://doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00094-5
  21. O. Stetzer, M. Betti, J. Geel, N. Erdmann, J-V. Kratz, R. Schenkel and N. Trautmann, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res., A525, 582(2004)
  22. R. L. Fleischer and P. B. Price, Science, 140, 1221(1963) https://doi.org/10.1126/science.140.3572.1221
  23. M. Yoshida, M. Tamada, M. Asano, H. Omichi, H. Kubator, R. Katakai, R. Spohr, C. Trautmann and J. Vetter, 'Stimulus responsive track pores', Report of GSI, Darmstadt, Germany, 291(1992)
  24. R. L. Fleischer, 'Tracks to innovation: nuclear tracks in science and technology', Springer, 1998
  25. K. Y. Jee et al., 'Research on Nuclear chemistry and Radiochemistry: Development of Nuclear Analytical Technology', KAERI/RR-2424/2003 KAERI (2003)
  26. B. C. Song, Y. J. Park and K. Y. Jee, Anal. Sci. Tech., 16(5), 41A(2003)
  27. A. U. Haque, C. B. Besant and B. W. Hooton, Nucl. Inst. Meth., 197, 435(1982) https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-5087(82)90339-8
  28. R. L. Fleischer, New Astronomy Rev., 42, 181 (1998) https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-6473(98)00003-7
  29. S. A. Durrani, Radia. Meas., 34, 5(2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S1350-4487(01)00112-3