- Volume 18 Issue 2
DOI QR Code
Effect of Supplementary Dietary L-carnitine and Yeast Chromium on Lipid Metabolism of Laying Hens
- Du, Rong (Working at research for Doctor Degree in China Agricultural University) ;
- Qin, Jian (College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University) ;
- Wang, Jundong (College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University) ;
- Pang, Quanhai (College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University) ;
- Zhang, Chunshan (College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University) ;
- Jiang, Junfang (College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University)
- Received : 2004.04.09
- Accepted : 2004.08.25
- Published : 2005.02.01
Two hundred and eighty-eight 21-week-old Hyline Brown laying hens were randomly allotted to 9 treatments, 32 birds for each treatment. A 3
Laying Hens;Yeast Chromium;L-carnitine;Lipid Metabolism;Synergic Effect
Supported by : Shanxi Science and Technology Foundation
- Bacon, W. L. 1986. Metabolism and ovarian follicular uptake of the major yolk precursor in laying turkey hens. Poult. Sci. 65:1184-1192. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0651184
- Carroll, M. C. 2001. Carnitine: a review. Compendium on continuing education for the practicing veterinarian. USA. 23(1):45-52.
- Griffin, H. D. 1992. Manipulation of egg yolk cholesterol: a physiologist’s view. World’s Poult. Sci. 48(2):101-112.
- Kang, C. W., H. Y. Lee and K. T. Nam. 1996. The effect of dietary inorganic and organic chromium on their transference rates to egg and accumulation in body tissues of laying hens. Proc World’s Poult. Cong. New Delhi, India, 2-5:53-57.
- Li, S. F., X. G. Luo, B. Liu, G. Z. Shao, X. Q. Guo and S. X. Yu. 2001. Effect of organic chromium on egg production and immune responses in heat stressed Layers. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica. 23(2):117-121.
- Suo, Y. F. and H. Y. Cai. 2000. Effect of dietary carnitine supplementation on the organs of laying hens. Chin. J. Anim. Sci. 36(2):18-20.
- Yin, J. D., G. H. Qi and Q. G. Huo. 2000. Advances in Modulation of Lipid Metabolism in Poultry. Acta Zoonutrimenta Sinica. 12(2):1-7
- Zhou, X. T. and J. J. Lu. 2002. Effect of Betaine on the Regulation of the Lipid Metabolism in Laying Hen. Scientia Agricultural Sinica 35(3):325-330.
Lien, T. F. and Y. M. Horng. 2001. The effect of supplementary dietary L-carnitine on the growth performance, serum components, carcass traits and enzyme activities in relation to fatty acid
$\beta$-oxidation of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 42(1):92-95.
- Yu, D. Y. and Z. R. Xu. 2001. Effects of chromium picolinate on carcass characteristics in finishing swine. Chin. J. Vet. Sci. 21(5):522-525.
- Wang, M. Q. and Z. R. Xu. 2004. Effects of chromium nanoparticle on growth performance, carcass characteristics, pork quality and tissue chromium in finishing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(8):1118-1122.
- Anonymous. 2001. Executive summary of the third report of the national cholesterol education program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III). JAMA. Chicago. 285:2486-2498.
- Ecan, J. J. 1992. Metabolism of hormone-stimulated lipolysis in adipocytes: Translation of hormone sensitive lipase to the lipid storage droplet. Proc. Nati. Acad..Sci. USA. 89:8527.
- Hargis, P. S. 1988. Modifying egg yolk cholesterol in the domestic fowl-a review. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 44 (1):17-29. https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS19880002
- Wang, J. D., R. Du, J. Qin, S. L. Wang, W. K. Wang, H. Q. Li and Q. H. Pang. 2003. Effect of Yeast Chromium and L-carnitine on Lipid Metabolism of Broiler Chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16(12):1809-1815.
- Richter, V. G., C. Schlumbohm and M. Baumgartner. 1998. Studies of L-carnitine effects in laying hens. Poult. Abstr. 24(9):353.
- Han, I. K. and J. H. Kim. 1998. The role of carnitine in earlyweaned piglet. Proceedings of International conference on pig production. Beijing, 9-16.
- Lien, T. F., C. P. Wu and J. J. Lu. 2003. Effect of cod liver oil and chromium picolinate supplementation on the serum traits, egg yolk fatty acids and cholesterol content in layer hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1177-1181.
- Bian, J. C., Y. Z. Xiang, X. X. Yang, L. Wang, Y. Liu and J. B. Wang. 1997. Effect of chromium on thyroid hormone and cyclic nucleotide in rats with myocardial damage. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica. 19(4):465-467.
- Schneider, W. J. 1996. Vitellogenin receptors: Oocyte-specific members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor supergene family. Int. Rev. Cytol. 166:103-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0074-7696(08)62507-3
- Gang, X., Z. R. Xu, S. H. Wu and S. J. Chen. 2001. Effects of chromium picolinate on growth performance, carcass characteristics, serum metabolites and metabolism of lipid in pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(2):258-262.
- Lien, T. F., C. P. Wu and P. H. Lin. 1998. Effect of different protein and limiting amino acid levels coupled with a supplement of chromium picolinate on lipid metabolism and carcass characteristics of pigs. Anim. Sci. 67:601-607.
- Liu, C. Y. and S. E. Mills. 1990. Decreased insulin binding to porcine adipocytes in vitro beta-adrenergic agonists. J. Anim. Sic. 68:1603-1609.
- Rabie, M. H., M. Szilagyi and T. Gippert. 1997. Effects of dietary L-carnitine on the performance and egg quality of laying hens from 65-73 weeks of age. Br. J. Nutr. 78(4):615-623.
- Luo, X. G., S. F. Li, B. Liu, G. Z. Shao, X. Q. Guo and S. X. Yu. 2002. Effect of dietary chromium on egg production performance, egg quality, serum biochemical traits and immune responses of heat stressed Layers. Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica. 33(4):313-320.
- Ferrari Red. 1992. L-carnitine and its role in medicine: From function to therapy. America: academic press. Chapt. 13.
- Tang, L., D. F. Li, F. L.Wang, J. J. Xing and L. M. Gong. 2001. Effects of different sources of organic chromium on immune function in weaned pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(8):1164-1169.
- Heo Kinam, Lin XI, J. Odle and I. K. Han. 2000. Kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I are altered by dietary variables and suggest a metabolic need for supplemental carnitine in young pigs. J. Nutr. USA. 130(10):2467-2470.