Effect of Substituent of Chain Transfer agent in the Free Radical Polymerization

자유 라디칼 중합반응에서 사슬이동제의 치환기 효과

  • Chung, I. (Department of Applied Chemical Engineering, Mokwon University)
  • 정익수 (목원대학교 응용화학공학과)
  • Published : 2005.03.31

Abstract

Carbon tetrachloride is very reactive chain transfer agent due to the resonance stability of the trichlorocarbon radicals after breaking of C-Cl bond. Effect of benzylic radical comparing to trichlorocarbon radicals in the chain tranrfer reactions was investigated. From the structural point of view, cumyl chloride is a good candidate because it has the C-Cl bond with benzylic radicals after displacement of C-Ci bond. The reactivity of free radical polymerization of styrene in the presence of cumyl chloride was compared with that of carbon tetrachloride by calculating chain transfer constants. Results show that the cumyl chloride acts as a stronger chain transfer agent than carbon tetrachloride. The calculated chain transfer constant of cumyl chloride shows higher value (0.0463) than that of carbon tetrachloride (0.0011) in the styrene polymerization. High reactivity of cumyl chloride comparing to that of carbon tetrachloride is probably due to the higher resonance stability or benzylic radical than that or trichlorocarbon radicals after breaking of C-Cl bond. Monte Carlo simulation method is applied for characterizing the validity of kinetic constants according to the ratio of chain transfer agent to monomer.

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