Synthesis and Application of Melamine-Type Superplasticizer at the Different Synthetic Conditions

멜라민계 고유동화제의 다양한 조건에서의 합성 및 응용

  • Yoon Sung-Won (Dept. of Fine Chemical Eng. And Chemistry, Chungnam National Univ.) ;
  • Shin Kyoung-Ho (Sinil Chemical Co., Ltd) ;
  • Rho Jae-Seong (Dept. of Fine Chemical Eng. And Chemistry, Chungnam National Univ.)
  • Published : 2005.10.01


It is well known that the fluidity and the fluidity loss of fresh concrete are affected by the kind of organic admixtures. Organic admixture can improve the properties of concrete. Sulfonated Naphthalene-Formaldehyde(SNF) Superplasticizer is used representatively, but has a problem in fluidity loss. In this study, we synthesized the Sulfonated Melamine-Formaldehyde(SMF) superplasticizer at the various synthetic conditions and compared the physical properties with SMF superplasticizer. SW superplasticizer is synthesized with four synthetic steps. Step 1 is hydroxymethylation, Step. 2 is Sulfonation, Step. 3 is Polymerization and Step. 4 is Stabilization. Synthesis of SMF superplasticizer depends on pH, temperature and reaction time. In this reaction, we changed the mole ratio of melamine to formaldehyde at 1:3, 1:4, and the amount of acid catalyst at Step. 3. After application of SMF superplasticizer and its mixture with SNF superplasticizer to cement pastes and mortars, we measured the physical properties of them at the different dosages(0.5, 1.0, 1.5 wt%) to cement. All samples including superplasticizer showed higher compressive strengths and slump, smaller pore size and porosity than CEM


  1. V. S. Ramachandran, Concrete Admixtures Handbook, Noyes Publications, 1984, pp.211-213
  2. 변근주, 혼화재료, 한국레미콘공업협회, 1988,pp.13-15
  3. S. Chandra and J. Bjornstrom 'Influence of cement and superplasticizers type and dosage on the fluidity of cement mortars', Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.32, '2002, pp.1605-1611
  4. 김화중,강인규,김성훈,황재현,'나프탈렌계 고성능감 수제의 합성 및 그들의 시멘트와의 상호작용', 콘크리트학회 논문집 Vol.5 No.2,1993,pp.121-126
  5. 김화중,강인규,김성훈,김우성,권영도 '카르본산계 고성능 감수제의 제조 및 그들의 흡착성(I),' 콘크리트학회 논문집, Vol.7 No.2,1995,pp.175-181
  6. V. M. Mahotra, The effect of naphthalene sulfonate type and polycarboxylate type superplasticizers on the fluidity of belite-rich cement', Proceedings cf the Sixth CANMET/ACI International Conference on Superplasticizers and Chemical Admixtures in concrete, Nice France, Oct, 2000, pp.201-210
  7. 한천구,'최신 유동화 콘크리트의 개요 및 전망',콘크리트학회 논문집 Vol.13,No.3, 2001,pp.26-31
  8. 노재성,조헌영,홍성수,'시멘트 콘크리트 혼화제용 계면활성제의 연구동향과 과제' Chemical Industry and Technology, Vol.12 No.5, 1992, pp.112-113
  9. V. M. Malhotra, Developments in the use cf superpasticizer, American Concrete Inst., Publication SF-68, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A, 1981, pp.301 -316
  10. M. Collepardi, M. Corradi and M. Valente, Influene of polymerization of sulfonated naphthaleformaldehyde condensates and its interaction with cement, American Concrete Inst., Publication SP-68, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A, 1981, pp.180-197
  11. S. M. Lahalih and M Absi-Halabl, A process for the synthesis cf highly stable sulfonated melamineformaldehyde condensates as superplasticizing admixtures in concrete, U.S Patent No.4, 677, 159 1987, pp.2-8
  12. M. Dupuis and S. Laprairie, Porcesses for manufacture of sulfonated melamine-farmaldehyde resins, U. S. Patent No .5,424,390, 1995, pp.2-7
  13. S. M. Lalhlih and M. Absi-Halabi, 'Effect of polymerization conditions of sulfonated-melamine formaldehyde superplasticizers on concrete', Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.18, 1988, pp.513-531
  14. Perenchio W. F., Whiting, D. A, and Kantro, D. L., 'Water reducer, slump loss and entrained air void systems as influenced by superplasticizers', Proc 1st Int'l.Symp. Superplastizers in Concrete, CANMET, Ottawa, Canada: Amer. Conc.Inst. SP-62, 1979, pp.137-155
  15. K. Koeda, Production of aqueous solution of water-reducing agent', J Chem. Soc, Japan, Pure Chem. Soc., Vol.75, 1954, pp.571-580
  16. S. Chandra and J. Biomstrom, 'Influence of superplasticizer type and dosage on the slump loss of portland cenent mortars-Part I', Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.32, 2002, pp.1605-1611
  17. S. Chandra and J. Biornstrom, 'Influence of superplasticizer type and dosage on the slump loss of portland cenent mortars-Part II', Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.32, 2002, pp.1613-1619

Cited by

  1. Basic Properties of Alkali-activated Mortar With Additive's Ratio and Type of Superplasticizer vol.3, pp.1, 2015,